Pubblicazioni

Pieri G.; Bebianno M.; Chatzinikolaou E.; Cocco M.; Dimitrova L.; Fahning J.; Geraskova V.; Jo茫o A.; King A.; Lusher A.; Malard茅 D.; Martinelli M.; Martins F.; Mazza M.; Novellino A.; Ntoumas M.; S谩 S.; Smerdon A.; Triantafyllou G.; Torres A.;

Introduction and Objective The H2020 NAUTILOS project aims to fill existing gaps in marine observation and modelling through the development of innovative and cost-effective technologies and observational methodologies for use in a wide range of crucial environmental contexts and sectors that can further support EU policies. The H2020 NAUTILOS project fills marine observation and modelling gaps by...

L. Bolognini (1); Sara Giorgetti (1); P. Penna (2); F. Moro (2); C. Ferrarin (3); E. Manini (2); E. Baldrighi (2); F. Grilli (2); M. Betti (2); G. Giuliani (2); A. Campanelli (2); M. Marini(2); G. Marrama (4); L. Iagnemma (4); A. Penna (5); F. Ricci (5); S. Casabianca (5); S. Capellacci (5); M. Bucan (6); K. Suta (6); I. Duracic (7); D. Grilec (7); M. Krzelj (8); M. Ordulj (8); M. ?ikoronja (9); V. ?pada (10); J. Bilic (10);

The WATERCARE project "WATER Management solutions for reducing microbial environment impact in Coastal AREas" is part of the "INTERREG Italy-Croatia" cross-border cooperation program. In particular, the WATERCARE project belongs to Priority Axis 3 "Environment and Cultural Heritage" and to the Specific Objective OS 3.3: to improve the environmental quality conditions of maritime and coastal areas by...

Penna P.; Grilli F.; Belardinelli A.; Domenichetti F.; Scarpini P.; Martinelli M.;

In total the spring dataset consists of 250 CTD and oxygen averaged profiles (0.5 db pressure interval) collected in springtime (from 2012 to 2021) within the Pomo Pits and in the surrounding area by means of multi parametric probes embedded on an UWTV system. All the profiles were subjected to quality control. Data are flagged according the L20 (SEADATANET MEASURAND QUALIFIER FLAGS).

Penna P.; Grilli F.; Domenichetti F.; Canduci G.; Giuliani G.; Caccamo G.; Martinelli M.;

The dataset contains 61 CTD and Oxygen averaged profiles (0.5 db pressure interval) collected in autumn (from 2015 to 2021) within the Pomo Pits and in the surrounding area by means of multi parametric probes. All the profiles were subjected to quality control. Data are flagged according the L20 (SEADATANET MEASURAND QUALIFIER FLAGS).

Basili M.[1]; Techtmann S.M.[2]; Zaggia L.[3]; Luna G.M.[1]; Quero G.M.[1];

Microbial pollutants are a serious threat to human and environmental health in coastal areas. Based on the hypothesis that pollution from multiple sources may produce a distinct microbial signature and that microbial pollutants seem to distribute between a free-living and a particle-attached fraction, we investigated the occurrence, partitioning and sources of microbial pollutants in water samples...

Aguzzi J.; Aristegui-Ezquibela M.; Burgos C.; Doyle J.; Fifas S.; Firmin C.; J贸nasson J.; Jonsson P.; Lundy M.; Martinelli M.; Medve?ek D.; Naseer A.; O'Connor J.; Pereira B.; Silva C.; Sk枚ld M.; Vacherot J.P.; Vila Y.; Weetman A.; Wieland K.;

The Working Group on Nephrops Surveys (WGNEPS) is the international coordination group for Nephrops underwater television and trawl surveys within ICES. This report summarizes the na- tional contributions on the results of the surveys conducted in 2021 together with time series covering all survey years, problems encountered, data quality checks and technological improve- ments as well as the planning...

Martinelli M.; Medve?ek D.; Chiarini M.; Domenichetti F.; Canduci G.; Zacchetti L.; Guicciardi S.; Grilli F.; Penna P.; Giuliani G.; Scarpini P.; Belardinelli A.; Cvitani? R.; Isajlovic I.; Vrgo? N.;

The Pomo (or Jabuka) Pits area is one of the main fishing ground for Norway Lobster Nephrops norvegicus and European hake Merluccius merluccius within the GFCM Geographical Sub Areas 17 (Northern and Central Adriatic Sea) and it is shared by the Italian and the Croatian fleets. Furthermore, this represents a well-known nursery area for M. merluccius and hosts a distinct population of N. norvegicus,...

De Giovanni A; Abondio P; Frapiccini E; Luiselli D; Marini M;

The aim of this work was to collect and harmonize the results of several studies achieved over the years, in order to obtain a database of georeferenced observations on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Western and Central Mediterranean seafood. For each observation, some information on the taxonomy and the ecology of the sampled species are reported, as well as details on the investigated...

Pieri G.; Zugic N.; Ntoumas M.; Martinelli M.; Chatzinikolaou E.;

D13.7 deliverable is relative to Ethics Requirement No. 10 as a General requirement to submit a report by the Ethics Board as a deliverable at the end of each reporting period. This document represents the first report of such type. Describing the activities and updates of the NAUTILOS Ethics Advisory Board for this first period of the project from M1 till M18.

Curran J.F.[1]; Zaggia L.[2]; Quero G.M.[3];

The spread of fecal pollutants and antibiotic resistance in the aquatic environment represents a major public health concern and is predicted to increase in light of climate change consequences and the increasing human population pressure on the lagoon and coastal areas. The city of Venice (Italy) is affected by diverse microbial pollution sources, including domestic wastewaters that, due to the lack...

Luna, Gian Marco; Quero, Grazia Marina; Kokou, Fotini; Kormas, Konstantinos;

Like for other vertebrates, the fish microbiome is critical to the health of its host and has complex and dynamic interactions with the surrounding environment. Thus, the study of the fish microbiome can benefit from the new prospects gained by innovative biotechnological applications in human and other animals, that include manipulation of the associated microbial communities (to improve the health,...

Pulido, Lina; Secci, Giulia; Maricchiolo, Giulia; Gasco, Laura; Gai, Francesco; Serra, Andrea; Conte, Giuseppe; Parisi, Giuliana;

Insects are an alternative protein source recently adopted in aquacultured carnivorous species. However, the replacement of marine ingredients with insect meal might cut down the n3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) of fish fillet, a fraction of great interest for human nutrition. Recently, it has been shown that different animal species and the human species better absorb the dietary fatty acids esterified...

Coro G.; Tassetti A.N.; Armelloni E.N.; Pulcinella J.; Ferr脿 C.; Sprovieri M.; Trincardi F.; Scarcella G.;

The COVID-19 pandemic provides a major opportunity to study fishing effort dynamics and to assess the response of the industry to standard and remedial actions. Knowing a fishing fleet's capacity to compensate for effort reduction (i.e., its resilience) allows differentiating governmental regulations by fleet, i.e., imposing stronger restrictions on the more resilient and weaker restrictions on the...

Tassetti, Anna Nora; Galdelli, Alessandro; Pulcinella, Jacopo; Mancini, Adriano; Bolognini, Luca;

During the last decade vessel-position-recording devices, such as the Vessel Monitoring System and the Automatic Identification System, have increasingly given accurate spatial and quantitative information of industrial fisheries. On the other hand, small-scale fisheries (vessels below 12 m) remain untracked and largely unregulated even though they play an important socioeconomic and cultural role...

Elena Manini (1); Elisa Baldrighi (1); Fabio Ricci (2; 3); Federica Grilli (1); Donato Giovannelli (1; 4; 5; 6); Michele Intoccia (4); Silvia Casabianca (2; 3); Samuela Capellacci (2; 3); Nadia Marinchel (2; 3); Pierluigi Penna (1); Fabrizio Moro (1); Alessandra Campanelli (1); Angelina Cordone (4); Monica Correggia (4); Deborah Bastoni (4); Luigi Bolognini (7); Mauro Marini (1; 3); Antonella Penna (2; 3);

More than 80% of wastewaters are discharged into rivers or seas, with a negative impact on water quality along the coast due to the presence of potential pathogens of faecal origin. Escherichia coli and enterococci are important indicators to assess, monitor, and predict microbial water quality in natural ecosystems. During rainfall events, the amount of wastewater delivered to rivers and coastal systems...

Rasha M. Reda; Giulia Maricchiolo; Grazia Marina Quero; Marco Basili; Frank M. Aarestrup; Lidia Pansera; Simone Mirto; Amir H. Abd El-Fattah; Mahmoud Alagawany; Afaf N. Abdel Rahman;

The potential of rice protein concentrate (RPC) to substitute fishmeal (FM) protein in the diet of Oreochromis niloticus was assessed in a five-month-long feeding trial. Fishmeal protein was replaced by RPC at rates of 0% (control), 25%, 50%, and 75% (RPC0, RPC25, RPC50, and RPC75, respectively). RPC25 had no significant effect on antioxidant capacity (total antioxidant capacity; superoxide dismutase,...

Berlinghof, Johanna; Peiffer, Friederike; Marzocchi, Ugo; Munari, Marco; Quero, Grazia M.; Dennis, Laura; Wild, Christian; Cardini, Ulisse;

Ocean Acidification (OA), due to rising atmospheric CO2, can affect the seagrass holobiont by changing the plant's ecophysiology and the composition and functioning of its epiphytic community. However, our knowledge of the role of epiphytes in the productivity of the seagrass holobiont in response to environmental changes is still very limited. CO2 vents off Ischia Island (Italy) naturally reduce seawater...

Francesca Neri; Tiziana Romagnoli; Stefano Accoroni; *; Alessandra Campanelli; Mauro Marini; Federica Grilli; Cecilia Totti;

A long term (1988-2018) data set of phytoplankton and physico-chemical parameters was analyzed for the first time in an offshore station of the LTER Senigallia-Susak transect (northern Adriatic Sea) not directly affected by the coastal nutrient input. The mean annual cycle of phytoplankton markedly differed from that observed in the coastal areas, showing the maximum in June and the minimum in November....

Fabio Ricci; Samuela Capellacci; Alessandra Campanelli; Federica Grilli; Mauro Marini; Antonella Penna;

Dynamics of the physical and biogeochemical properties in a temperate coastal area in the north-western Adriatic Sea were analyzed. Multi-year (1997-2019) continuous observations allowed assessing their trends at two sites directly influenced by the discharges of two minor rivers as well as by human activities and climate change. Statistical models were applied to investigate the temporal variability...

Fabrizio Moro; Jacopo Pulcinella; Emilio Notti;

The aim of EFFICIENTSHIP project is to evaluate the performance of Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) system on a fishing vessel. The acquisition of physical parameters of the engine system it is a key element to reach this task and a data logger was developed to simultaneously collect information from several devices. The system is composed by a Raspberry unit that is connected to the devices equipped onboard...

Elisa Baldrighi 1; *; Patricija Muzlovic 2; *; Anna Annibaldi 3; 4; Antonella Penna 4; 5; Elena Manini 1; Elia Rosetti 1; Enrico Esposito Renzoni 6; Federica Grilli 1; Gloria Giacomini 6; Ivana Kristovic 7; Ivo Duracic 7; Maja Krzelj 8; Marin Ordulj 8; Martin Bu麓can 9; Pierluigi Penna 1; Vedrana Spada 10; Josipa Bilic 10; Mauro Marini 1; 4; Sabina Susmel 11;

The transfer of communication and knowledge from science and research to the general public is a paramount step to raise people's awareness about environmental issues and their negative and positive impacts on each of us. Many projects and initiatives seek to raise awareness among citizens, with particular attention to young people, about the importance of maintaining clean and healthy oceans. With...

Rayees Ahmad Bhat Sudha Saini; Concetta Saoca; Giulia Maricchiolo; Francesco Fazio;

In the present study, we aimed to examine the cellular structure of the testes, the hormonal changes occurring throughout the reproductive cycle, and the fatty acid composition in rainbow trout. An electron microscopic analysis was conducted to investigate the morphology and cellular changes during the development of the testes. Germ cells were observed in different stages of differentiation: primary...

Andrea De Felice; Ilaria Biagiotti; Giovanni Canduci; Ilaria Costantini; Sara Malavolti; Giordano Giuliani and Iole Leonori;

The pelagic ecosystem in the Ross Sea has one central component that is very important for energy exchanges between upper and lower trophic levels: the Middle Trophic Level. Krill species are the most important and abundant organisms within this level. Several acoustic surveys were conducted in the western Ross Sea over the past 25 years, revealing that Euphausia superba is by far the most abundant...

Matteo Chiarini 1; 2; Stefano Guicciardi 1; Lorenzo Zacchetti 1; Filippo Domenichetti 1; Giovanni Canduci 1; Silvia Angelini 1; 3; Andrea Belardinelli 1; Camilla Croci 1; Giordano Giuliani 1; Paolo Scarpini 1; Alberto Santojanni 1; Damir Medve?ek 4; Igor Isajlovic 4; Nedo Vrgo? 4; Michela Martinelli 1;

A Before–Intermediate–After Multiple Sites (BIAMS) analysis, namely a modified version of the Before–After–Control–Impact (BACI) approach, was used to evaluate the possible effects of fishery management measures implemented in the Pomo/Jabuka Pits area, a historically highly exploited ground for Italian and Croatian fisheries, whose impact may have contributed over the...

Coro G.; Bove P.; Armelloni E.N.; Masnadi F.; Scanu M.; Scarcella G.;

International scientific fishery survey programmes systematically collect samples of target stocks' biomass and abundance and use them as the basis to estimate stock status in the framework of stock assessment models. The research surveys can also inform decision makers about Essential Fish Habitat conservation and help define harvest control rules based on direct observation of biomass at the sea....

Chiarini M. 1,2; Guicciardi S. 1; Angelini S. 1,3; Tuck I.D. 4; Grilli F. 1; Penna P. 1; Domenichetti F. 1; Canduci G. 1; Belardinelli A. 1; Santojanni A. 1; Arneri E.1; Milone N.5; Medve?ek D. 6; Isajlovi? I. 6; Vrgo? N.6; Martinelli M. 1;

Abundance and distribution of commercial marine resources are influenced by environmental variables, which together with fishery patterns may also influence their catchability. However, Catch Per Unit Effort (CPUE) can be standardized in order to remove most of the variability not directly attributable to fish abundance. In the present study, Generalized Additive Models (GAMs) were used to investigate...

Zacchetti L. 1; Martinelli M. 1*; Colella S. 1; Santojanni A. 1; Fanelli E.2;

Nephrops norvegicus is one of the most important commercial species in the Mediterranean. This study focused on its feeding ecology in an important fishing ground within the Adriatic Sea, by using an integrated approach of stomach contents (SCA) and stable isotope (SIA) analyses. The simultaneous use of these tools represents a modern and complete approach that provides reliable data over time and...

Mauro Marini; Anna Annibaldi;

The Special Issue: Transport, Persistence and Toxicity of Pollutants in the Sea, helped to describe the path of pollutants transported to the sea from the mainland and their accumulation process in the marine environment (sediment and organisms). In this volume we have tried to make a contribution to increase the knowledge on the dangerous effects of pollutants that reach the sea and their fate once...

Ulisse Cardini Lazaro Mar铆n-Guirao Luis M. Montilla Ugo Marzocchi Salvatore Chiavarini Juri Rimauro Grazia Marina Quero Jillian M. Petersen Gabriele Procaccini;

In seagrass sediments, lucinid bivalves and their chemoautotrophic bacterial symbionts consume H2S, relying indirectly on the plant productivity for the presence of the reduced chemical. Additionally, the role of lucinid bivalves in N provisioning to the plant (through N2 fixation by the symbionts) was hypothesized. Thus, lucinids may contribute to sediment detoxification and plant fitness. Seagrasses...

Quattrocchi F.; Garofalo G.;

Small pelagic fishes in the Mediterranean Sea constitute about half of the total landings, of which almost one-third is European anchovy. Anchovy abundance mainly depends on early life stage and juvenile survival and growth, which are susceptible to shifts in environmental processes. Due to the commercial importance of this species, it is necessary to elucidate the processes affecting recruitment strength...

Renzi M.; Scirocco T.; Cilenti L.; Bastianoni S.; Specchiulli A.;

Macrophytes represent interesting matrices for oil extraction with biodiesel production purposes, particularly in eutrophic coastal lagoons. This short note reported results on bio-oil extraction efficiency in two different species of macrophytes in a Mediterranean lagoon (Lesina lagoon, south-eastern Italy), by testing effects of different factors (year, season, species of macrophytes) on oil production...

Francesca Provenza; Darian Rampih; Sara Pignattelli; Paolo Pastorino; Dami脿 Barcel貌; Marino Prearo; Antonietta Specchiulli; Monia Renzi;

Microplastics (MPs) are ubiquitous pollutants that have also been detected in the aquatic ecosystems at high concentrations. The use of shellfish as bioindicators is widespread for assessing and monitoring the environmental quality in both freshwater and marine environments. On this path, biomarkers represent an effective tool in monitoring programs. This minireview would broaden the existing knowledge...

Agnese Baldoni (a); Eleonora Perugini (b); Pierluigi Penna (c); Luca Parlagreco (d); Maurizio Brocchini (a);

On the basis of observations and modelling of the plume generated by the Misa River (AN, Italy), we performed a comprehensive study, which integrated different sources of information (field data, numerical simulations, etc.), of the generation and transport mechanisms of river plumes flowing into microtidal environments. First, we analysed images simultaneously acquired by both two shore-based stations...

A. Baldoni(1); E. Perugini(1); P. Penna(2); L. Parlagreco(3); M. Brocchini (1);

Buoyant river plumes are important features of the coastal sea because they represent an important source of sediment, nutrients, and pollutants and, thus, significantly influence many physical, biological, and geochemical processes on the continental shelf . Structure, dynamics, and variability of river plumes are key factors to understand the land-ocean exchanges. On the basis of observed...

Jacopo Aguzzi1; 2; Damianos Chatzievangelou1; Nathan J. Robinson1; Nixon Bahamon1; Alan Berry3; Marc Carreras4; Joan Batista Company1; Corrado Costa5; Joaquin del Rio Fernandez6; Ahmad Falahzadeh6; Spyros Fifas7; Sascha Fl枚gel8; Jordi Griny贸1; 9; Jonas Pall J贸nasson10; Patrik Jonsson11; Colm Lordan3; Mathieu Lundy12; Simone Marini13; Michela Martinelli14; Ivan Masmitja1; Luca Mirimin15; 16; Atif Naseer17; 18; Joan Navarro1; Narcis Palomeras4; Giacomo Picardi19; Cristina Silva20; Sergio Stefanni2; Maria Vigo1; Yolanda Vila21; Adrian Weetman22; Jennifer Doyle3*;

The Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus, supports a key European fishery. Stock assessments for this species are mostly based on trawling and UnderWater TeleVision (UWTV) surveys. However, N. norvegicus are burrowing organisms and these survey methods are unable to sample or observe individuals in their burrows. To account for this, UWTV surveys generally assume that "1 burrow system = 1 animal", due...

Antonio Palermino1; 2; Michele Centurelli1; Andrea De Felice1; Giovanni Canduci1; Ilaria Biagiotti1; Ilaria Costantini1 and Iole Leonori1; *;

Six specimens of Bregmaceros nectabanus were collected during the acoustic survey MEDIAS in two consecutive years, off Termoli (Italy) in 2020 and in Albanian waters in 2021, during two night shallow hauls. We report the northernmost record of the alien species in the Mediterranean Sea (Northern Adriatic Sea, FAO fishing area 37.2.1) and one of the highest number of individuals caught in a single haul. This...

Frapiccini Emanuela; Caroselli Erik; Franzellitti Silvia; Prada Fiorella; Marini Mauro; Goffredo Stefano;

Assessing the sources and accumulation patterns of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in corals is critical, as they threaten coral ecosystem resilience in addition to other anthropogenic pressures. We determined acenaphthene, fluorene, fluoranthene, and pyrene concentration in the skeleton and soft tissue of 7 adult and 29 old specimens of the non-zooxanthellate coral Leptopsammia pruvoti from...

Basili M.; Campanelli A.; Frapiccini E.; Luna G.M.; Quero G.M.;

The transport of a variety of pollutants from agricultural, industrial and urbanised areas makes rivers major contributors to the contamination of coastal marine environments. Too little is known of their role in carrying pathogens to the coast. We used DNA-based metabarcoding data to describe the microbial community composition in seawater and sediment collected in front of the estuary of the Tronto,...

Marzocchi, Ugo; Bonaglia, Stefano; Zaiko, Analstasija; Quero, Grazia Marina; Vybernait-Lubiene, Irma; Politi, Tobia; Samuiloviene, Aurelija; Zilius, Mindaugas; Bartoli, Marco; Cardini, Ulisse;

Bivalves are ubiquitous filter-feeders able to alter ecosystems functions. Their impact on nitrogen (N) cycling is commonly related to their filter-feeding activity, biodeposition, and excretion. A so far understudied impact is linked to the metabolism of the associated microbiome that together with the host constitute the mussel's holobiont. Here we investigated how colonies of the invasive zebra...

Luca Bolognini; Valentina Franza; Cristina Frittelloni; Francesca Perretta; Martina Scanu; Fabio Grati;

An ad-hoc focus group was created to perform a co-design exercise to identify the best innovative approach to overcome issues that emerged during a local small-scale fisheries (SSF) stakeholder consultation (Marche Region, Italy). The scope of that work is to design a virtual marketplace for small-scale fisheries products, based on specific needs coming from different actors of the SSF value chain....

Bonamano S.; Madonia A.; Caruso G.; Zappal脿 G.; Marcelli M.;

Bacterial pathogens in coastal aquatic ecosystems pose a potential public health hazard for bathing water use. The European Bathing Water Directive (2006/7/EC) currently relies on the culturability of fecal pollution bacterial indicators such as Escherichia coli, without considering dormant or quiescent (Viable But Not Culturable, VBNC) cells, whose possible resuscitation after bathers ingestion cannot...

Acciarri; A.; Bisci; C.; Cantalamessa; G.; Cappucci; S.; Conti; M.; Di Pancrazio; G.; Spagnoli; F.; Valentini; E.;

Geomorphological and sedimentological surveys of the emerged and submerged beach-dune system are fundamental for a successful management and protection strategies for coastal planning and development. In particular, these surveys can reveal if coastal areas are affected by erosion, pollution and loss of habitats under the seasonal anthropic pressure related to tourism, leisure and professional fishing,...

Fossile; E.; Sabbatini; A.; Spagnoli; F.; Caridi; F.; Dell'Anno; A.; de Marco; R.; Dinelli; E.; Droghini; E.; Tramontana; M.; Negri; A.;

This paper aims to compare two foraminiferal based biotic indices generally used to evaluate the ecological quality status (EcoQS): the Foram-AMBI and the Foram Stress Index (FSI). For this purpose, we report the distribution and diversity of living foraminiferal assemblages and the environmental variables from a bathymetric transect in the Southern Adriatic Sea. The two indices agree well with the...

Farella; Giulio; Tassetti; Anna Nora; Menegon; Stefano; Bocci; Martina; Ferr脿; Carmen; Grati; Fabio; Fadini; Amedeo; Giovanardi; Otello; Fabi; Gianna; Raicevich; Sasa; Barbanti; Andrea;

Human pressures on marine ecosystems significantly increased during last decades. Among the intense anthropic activities, industrial fisheries have caused the alteration of habitats, the reduction of biodiversity and the main fish stocks. The aim of this research, carried out in the Adriatic Sea, was to test a repeatable Marine Spatial Planning framework aimed at enhancing fisheries sustainability...

Zampino D.; Mancuso M.; Zaccone R.; Ferreri T.; Borzacchiello A.; Zeppetelli S.; Dattilo S.; Ussia M.; Ferreri L.; Carbone D.C.; Recca G.; Puglisi C.;

The aim of this study was the development of antimicrobial polyvinylchloride (PVC) blends loaded with 0.1-10% (w/w) of the ILs 1-hexadecyl-3-methylimidazolium 1,3-dimethyl 5-sulfoisophthalate (HdmimDMSIP) and 1-octyloximethyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate (OOMmimPF). The synthetized ILs were characterized by HNMR, MALDI-TOF, DSC and TGA. PVC/ILs films were obtained by solvent casting.Thermal...

Cappello S.; Caruso G.; Bergami E.; Macr矛 A.; Venuti V.; Majolino D.; Corsi I.;

In Antarctic regions, the composition and metabolic activity of microbial assemblages associated with plastic debris ("plastisphere") are almost unknown. A macroplastic item from land (MaL, 24 cm) and a mesoplastic from the sea (MeS, 4 mm) were collected in Maxwell Bay (King George Island, South Shetland) and analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in attenuated total reflectance geometry...

Michela Martinelli 1; Alessio Gomiero 2; Stefano Guicciardi 1; Emanuela Frapiccini 1; Pierluigi Strafella 1; Silvia Angelini 1; 3; Filippo Domenichetti 1; Andrea Belardinelli 1; Sabrina Colella 1;

This study reports the shapes, dimensional classes, types and counts of microplastics (MPs) found in 23 individuals of N. norvegicus collected from two wild populations of the Adriatic Sea, (Mediterranean basin). The focus was on three different anatomical compartments (gut, hepatopancreas and tail), which were analysed separately. MPs were found in all the investigated individuals with an average...

Jacopo Aguzzi 1; 2; Nixon Bahamon1; Jennifer Doyle3; Colm Lordan3; Ian D. Tuck4; Matteo Chiarini5; 6; Michela Martinelli6; Joan B. Company1;

Underwater Television (UWTV) surveys provide fishery-independent stock size estimations of the Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus), based directly on burrow counting using the survey assumption of "one animal = one burrow". However, stock size may be uncertain depending on true rates of burrow occupation. For the first time, 3055 video transects carried out in several Functional Units (FUs) around...

Sara G.; Mangano M.C.; Berlino M.; Corbari L.; Lucchese M.; Milisenda G.; Terzo S.; Azaza M.S.; Babarro J.M.F.; Bakiu R.; Broitman B.R.; Buschmann A.H.; Christofoletti R.; Deidun A.; Dong Y.; Galdies J.; Glamuzina B.; Luthman O.; Makridis P.; Nogueira A.J.A.; Palomo M.G.; Dineshram R.; Rilov G.; Sanchez-Jerez P.; Sevgili H.; Troell M.; AbouelFadl K.Y.; Azra M.N.; Britz P.; Brugere C.; Carrington E.; Celic I.; Choi F.; Qin C.; Dobroslavic T.; Galli P.; Giannetto D.; Grabowski J.; Lebata-Ramos M.J.H.; Lim P.T.; Liu Y.; Llorens S.M.; Maricchiolo G.; Mirto S.; Pecarevic M.; Ragg N.; Ravagnan E.; Saidi D.; Schultz K.; Shaltout M.; Solidoro C.; Tan S.H.; Thiyagarajan V.; Helmuth B.;

The rapid, global spread of COVID-19, and the measures intended to limit or slow its propagation, are having major impacts on diverse sectors of society. Notably, these impacts are occurring in the context of other anthropogenic-driven threats including global climate change. Both anthropogenic stressors and the COVID-19 pandemic represent significant economic challenges to aquaculture systems across...

Antonio Palermino; Andrea De Felice; Giovanni Canduci; Ilaria Biagiotti; Ilaria Costantini; Sara Malavolti; Iole Leonori;

Knowing the species-specific target strength (TS) allows converting volume backscattering strength to numerical abundance. Since the acoustic surveys conducted for biomass assessment in the Mediterranean Sea currently focus on the echoes of two or three target pelagic species, the TS of non-target species has seldom been investigated in this basin. This is the first study of the TS of two pelagic species...

Armelloni E.N.; Scanu M.; Masnadi F.; Coro G.; Angelini S.; Scarcella G.;

Information on stock status is available only for a few of the species forming the catch assemblage of rapido fishery of the North-central Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). Species that are caught almost exclusively by this gear, either as target (such as Pectinidae) or accessory catches (such as flatfishes apart from the common sole), remain unassessed mainly due to the lack of data and biological...

Minelli A; Sarretta A; Oggioni A; Bergami C; Bastianini M; Bernardi Aubry F; Camatti E; Pugnetti A;

This work presents a practical case study of the Open Science principles applied to the valorization of a long-term marine dataset collected in the Northern Adriatic Sea, one of the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) sites of the LTER-Italy network. The dataset covers a temporal range of 50 years (1965-2015), and it is composed of abiotic, and phyto- and zooplankton data, for a total of 21 parameters....

Pierluigi Penna(a); Elisa Baldrighi(a); Mattia Betti(a; e); Luigi Bolognini(b); Alessandra Campanelli(a); Samuela Capellacci (c; e); Silvia Casabianca (c; e); Christian Ferrarin(d); Giordano Giuliani(a); Federica Grilli(a); Michele Intoccia(f); Elena Manini(a); Fabrizio Moro(a); Antonella Penna(c; e); Fabio Ricci(c; e); Mauro Marini(a; e);

In the Adriatic Sea, massive rainfall events are causing flooding of rivers and streams, with severe consequences on the environment. The consequent bacterial contamination of bathing water poses public health risks besides damaging tourism and the economy. This study was conducted in the framework of WATERCARE, an EU Interreg Italy-Croatia Project, which aims at reducing the impact of microbial contamination...

Baldrighi E.; Vasapollo C.; Grassi E.; Alvisi F.; Cesaroni L.; Balsamo M.; Semprucci F.;

Indonesia is biologically one of the most diverse areas in the world. Nevertheless, its biodiversity is underestimated, and this is particularly evident for meiobenthic assemblages. Seagrass meadows are known to be ecosystem engineers that can significantly modify the habitat heterogeneity and, thereby, increase the meiobenthic diversity. Therefore, a study on the meiobenthic distribution and biodiversity...

Fazi S.[1; 11]; Amalfitano S.[1; 11]; Venturi S.[2; 3]; Pacini N.[4; 5]; Vazquez E.[6]; Olaka L.A.[7]; Tassi F.[2; 3]; Crognale S.[1]; Herzsprung P.[8]; Lechtenfeld O.J.[8]; Cabassi J.[3]; Capecchiacci F.[2; 3]; Rossetti S.[1]; Yakimov M.M.[9]; Vaselli O.[2; 3]; Harper D.M.[5; 10]; Butturini A.[6];

The contribution of oxic methane production to greenhouse gas emissions from lakes is globally relevant, yet uncertainties remain about the levels up to which methanogenesis can counterbalance methanotrophy by leading to CH4 oversaturation in productive surface waters. Here, we explored the biogeochemical and microbial community variation patterns in a meromictic soda lake, in the East African Rift...

LUCCHETTI; A.; VIRGILI; M.; VASAPOLLO; C.; PETETTA; A.; BARGIONE; G.; LI VELI; D.; BR?IC; J.; SALA; A.;

In the Mediterranean Sea, where bottom trawling for demersal species is the most important fishery in terms of landings, around 75% of the assessed fish stocks are overfished. Its status as one of the world's most heavily exploited seas and the one subject to the highest trawling pressure has become a global concern. An extensive overview of bottom trawl selectivity studies was performed to assess...

Frapiccini E.; Cocci P.; Annibaldi A.; Panfili M.; Santojanni A.; Grilli F.; Marini M.; Palermo F.A.;

In this study, we examined the seasonal association between Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) concentrations and mRNA expression profiles of some antioxidant genes (i.e. CAT, GST and SOD), as well as lipid peroxidation (LPO), in muscle of sexually inactive females of red mullet (Mullus barbatus). Fish were captured in a fishery area of the Northern Adriatic Sea during both winter and summer. We...

De Giovanni A.; Giuliani C.; Marini M.; Luiselli D.;

Eating seafood has numerous health benefits; however, it constitutes one of the main sources of exposure to several harmful environmental pollutants, both of anthropogenic and natural origin. Among these, methylmercury and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons give rise to concerns related to their possible effects on human biology. In the present review, we summarize the results of epidemiological investigations...

Romei M.; Lucertini M.; Renzoni E.E.; Baldrighi E.; Grilli F.; Manini E.; Marini M.; Iagnemma L.;

Combined sewer overflows (CSOs) close to water bodies are a cause of grave environmental concern. In the past few decades, major storm events have become increasingly common in some regions, and the meteorological scenarios predict a further increase in their frequency. Consequently, CSO control and treatment according to best practices, the adoption of innovative treatment solutions and careful sewer...

Galdelli, Alessandro; Mancini, Adriano; Ferr脿, Carmen; Tassetti, Anna Nora;

Maritime traffic and fishing activities have accelerated considerably over the last decade, with a consequent impact on the environment and marine resources. Meanwhile, a growing number of ship-reporting technologies and remote-sensing systems are generating an overwhelming amount of spatio-temporal and geographically distributed data related to large-scale vessels and their movements. Individual technologies...

Minelli, Annalisa; Tassetti, Anna Nora; Hutton, Briony; Pezzuti Cozzolino, Gerardo N.; Jarvis, Toby; Fabi, Gianna;

Multibeam echosounders are widely used for 3D bathymetric mapping, and increasingly for water column studies. However, they rapidly collect huge volumes of data, which poses a challenge for water column data processing that is often still manual and time-consuming, or affected by low efficiency and high false detection rates if automated. This research describes a comprehensive and reproducible workflow...

Armelloni, Enrico Nicola; Tassetti, Anna Nora; Ferr脿, Carmen; Galdelli, Alessandro; Scanu, Martina; Mancini, Adriano; Fabi, Gianna; Scarcella, Giuseppe;

In the Mediterranean Sea, fishing vessels often operates throughout the geographical subdivisions adopted for statistical data collection (Geographical Sub-Areas; GSAs), causing a potential mismatch between catches site and reporting site. This paper provides a quantitative assessment of the fluxes of fishing activity of bottom trawlers across the Mediterranean Sea, by analyzing the Automatic Identification...

Tsagarakis, Konstantinos; Agius Darmanin, Sandra; Al Mabruk, Sara A. A.; Auriemma, Rocco; Azzurro, Ernesto; Badouvas, Nicholas; Bakiu, Rigers; Bariche, Michel; Battaglia, Pietro; Betti, Federico; Borme, Diego; Cacciamani, Roberto; Cali, Federico; Corsini-Foka, Maria; Crocetta, Fabio; Dalyan, Cem; Deidun, Alan; Digenis, Markos; Domenichetti, Filippo; Dragicevic, Branko; Dulcic, Jakov; Durucan, Furkan; Guy-Haim, Tamar; Kesici, Nur Bikem; Lardi, Polytimi-loli; Manitaras, Yiannis; Michailidis, Nikolas; Piraino, Stefano; Rizgalla, Jamila; Siapatis, Apostolos; Soldo, Men; Stipa, Maria Giulia; Terbiyik Kurt, Tuba; Tiralongo, Francesco; Tsiamis, Konstantinos; Vella, Adriana; Vella, Noel; Zava, Bruno; Gerovasileiou, Vasilis;

This Collective Article presents information about 27 taxa belonging to five Phyla (one Ochrophyta, one Cnidaria, three Arthropoda, two Mollusca and twenty Chordata) and extending from the Western Mediterranean Sea to the Levantine Sea and the Black Sea (Sea of Marmara). The new records were reported from 11 countries as follows: Algeria: occurrence of the African striped grunt Parapristipoma octolineatum;...

Azzurro E.; Cerri J.;

Invasive species are a growing driver of change across terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems but spatially-explicit information is seldom available for supporting management actions and decision making. Here we conceived and tested a new participatory method to map the distribution of three invasive species (Callinectes sapidus, Procambarus clarkii and Oreochromis niloticus) in the coastal lagoon of Lesina...

Periklis Kleitou 1; 2; *; Jason M. Hall-Spencer 1; *; Ioannis Savva 2; Demetris Kletou 2; 3; Margarita Hadjistylli 4; Ernesto Azzurro 5; 6; Stelios Katsanevakis 7; Charalampos Antoniou 2; Louis Hadjioannou 8; Niki Chartosia 9; Maria Christou 2; Yiannis Christodoulides 4; 8; Ioannis Giovos 2; 10; Carlos Jimenez 8; Sonia Smeraldo 6 and Si芒n E. Rees 1;

The European Regulation (EU) 1143/2014 on Invasive Alien Species entered into force in 2015, with the aim to fulfill regional and international biodiversity goals in a concerted manner. To date, the Regulation listed 66 Invasive Alien Species (IAS) that are subject to legal controls. Only one of these is marine. A recent lionfish (Pterois miles) invasion has been closely monitored in the Mediterranean...

Barra M.; Bonanno A.; Hattab T.; Saraux C.; Iglesias M.; Leonori I.; Ticina V.; Basilone G.; De Felice A.; Ferreri R.; Machias A.; Ventero A.; Costantini I.; Juretic T.; Pyrounaki M.M.; Bourdeix J.-H.; Gasparevic D.; Kapelonis Z.; Canduci G.; Giannoulaki M.;

Acoustic surveys represent the standard fishery-independent method worldwide for evaluating the biomass and spatial distribution of small pelagic fish populations. Considering the peculiarities of the spatial behaviour of pelagic fishes, the efficiency of the survey design in determining their biomass and spatial distribution is related to the ability to capture the portion of the patches accounting...

Mandic M.; Leonori I.; De Felice A.; Gvozdenovic S.; Pesic A.;

Anguillid leptocephali of three Congridae species (Conger conger, Ariosoma balearicum and Gnathophis mistax) were caught as bycatch of pelagic trawls during acoustic surveys targeting small pelagic fish species in the southern Adriatic Sea, carried out under the framework of the Italian MEDIAS project (western side) and its extension in the ambit of the FAO AdriaMed project (eastern side). Results...

Malavolti S.; Ruggeri P.; Fioravanti T.; Ticina V.; Costantini I.; De Felice A.; Splendiani A.; Gasparevic D.; Barucchi V.C.; Leonori I.;

Small pelagic fish play a key role in the marine ecosystem, controlling predator abundance and regulating primary production rates by foraging on plankton. Alterations induced at different ecological levels by fishing activities and/or environmental changes are affecting the reproductive success of several small pelagics, including European anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus), which is a major target...

Hattab T.; Gucu A.; Ventero A.; De Felice A.; Machias A.; Saraux C.; Gasparevic D.; Basilone G.; Costantini I.; Leonori I.; Bourdeix J.-H.; Iglesias M.; Barra M.; Giannoulaki M.; Ferreri R.; Ayoubi S.E.; Malavolti S.; Genovese S.; Somarakis S.; Juretic T.; Ticina V.; Certain G.;

In this study we consider the applicability of Bergmann's rule to the populations of small pelagic fish species in the Mediterranean Sea. Under Bergmann's rule, body size increases with decreasing temperature and increasing latitude. Although this mac-roecological pattern in body sizes is well established for many taxa of endotherms and ectotherms, it does not remain universal, and the proposed mechanisms...

Melaku Canu, Donata; Laurent, Celia; Morello, Elisabetta B.; Querin, Stefano; Scarcella, Giuseppe; Vrgoc, Nedo; Froglia, Carlo; Angelini, Silvia; Solidoro, Cosimo;

Knowledge of connectivity among subpopulations is fundamental in the identification of the appropriate geographical scales for stock status evaluation and management, the identification of areas with greater retention rates, and space-based fisheries management. Here, an integration of hydrodynamic, biological, and habitat models results is used to assess connectivity and support the definition of...

Basili, Marco; Quero, Grazia Marina; Giovannelli, Donato; Manini, Elena; Vignaroli, Carla; Avio, Carlo Giacomo; De Marco, Rocco; Luna, Gian Marco;

Plastic debris in aquatic environments is colonized by microbes, yet factors influencing biofilm development and composition on plastics remain poorly understood. Here, we explored the microbial assemblages associated with different types of plastic debris collected from two coastal sites in the Mediterranean Sea. All plastic samples were heavily colonized by prokaryotes, with abundances up to 1.9...

Acri; F.; Bastianini; M.; Bernardi Aubry; F.; Camatti; E.; Boldrin; A.; Bergami; C.; Cassin; D.; De Lazzeri; A.; Finotto; S.; Minelli; A.; Oggioni; A.; Pansera; M.; Sarretta; A.; Socal; G.; Pugnetti; A.;

The present paper describes a database containing observations for 21 parameters of abiotic, phytoplankton, and zooplankton data collected in the northern Adriatic Sea region (Italy) from 1965 to 2015. Due to the long temporal coverage, the majority of parameters changed collection and analysis method over time. These variations are reported in the database and detailed in the paper.

CARUSO G.; GIACOBBE M.G; CAO X.Y.; SONG C.L.; AZZARO F.; DECEMBRINI F.; LEONARDI M.; ZHOU Y.Y.;

In order to understand bacterial-phytoplankton interactions in harbor environments, trophic conditions (nutrient, chlorophyll, organic matter), microbial enzyme activities and phytoplankton dynamics were studied seasonally from September 2018 to August 2019 in the Syracuse Gulf (Ionian Sea), a Mediterranean area subject to algal blooms. During spring, dinoflagellate bloom was coupled with high microbial...

Sergio Vitale 1; Federica Biondo 2; Cristina Giosu猫 3; Gioacchino Bono 1; Charles Odilichukwu R. Okpala 4; Ignazio Piazza 5; Mario Sprovieri 5; Vito Pipitone 6; 7;

The aim of this paper is to discuss eco-labels for fish products, which are a useful tool to improve both seafood markets and strategies for sustainability management. In this study, 560 consumer-surveys were conducted in selected towns in northern and southern Italy. Both probit and linear regression modeling were used to measure consumers' perception and willingness to pay for anchovy eco-labels....

Annalisa Minelli; Caterina Bergami; Elisa Camatti; Mauro Bastianini; Fabrizio Bernardi Aubry; Alessandro Oggioni; Alessandro Sarretta; Alessandra Pugnetti;

Open Science is increasingly pervading scientific communities, since the worth of sharing, beyond the results, research ideas, methods and tools, data and metadata is more and more recognized. Open Science principles applied to data, translate in FAIRness of data: data must be Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable. We present a case study on the Open Science approach applied to the valorization...

Rovere M.; Mercorella A.; Frapiccini E.; Funari V.; Spagnoli F.; Pellegrini C.; Bonetti A.S.; Veneruso T.; Tassetti A.N.; Dell'orso M.; Mastroianni M.; Giuliani G.; De Marco R.; Fabi G.; Ciccone F.; Antoncecchi I.;

Hydrocarbon seepage is overlooked in the marine environment, mostly due to the lack of high-resolution exploration data. This contribution is about the set-up of a relocatable and cost-effective monitoring system, which was tested on two seepages in the Central Adriatic Sea. The two case studies are an oil spill at a water depth of 10 m and scattered biogenic methane seeps at a water depth of 84 m....

KATSANEVAKIS S.; POURSANIDIS D.; HOFFMAN R.; RIZGALLA J.; ROTHMAN S.B.-S.; LEVITT-BARMATS Y.; HADJIOANNOU L.; TRKOV D.; GARMENDIA J.M.; RIZZO M.; BARTOLO A.G.; BARICHE M.; TOMAS F.; KLEITOU P.; SCHEMBRI P.J.; KLETOU D.; TIRALONGO F.; PERGENT C.; PERGENT G.; AZZURRO E.; BILECENOGLU M.; LODOLA A.; BALLESTEROS E.; GEROVASILEIOU V.; VERLAQUE M.; OCCHIPINTI-AMBROGI A.; KYTINOU E.; DAILIANIS T.; FERRARIO J.; CROCETTA F.; JIMENEZ C.; EVANS J.; RAGKOUSIS M.; LIPEJ L.; BORG J.A.; DIMITRIADIS C.; CHATZIGEORGIOU G.; ALBANO P.G.; KALOGIROU S.; BAZAIRI H.; ESPINOSA F.; BEN SOUISSI J.; TSIAMIS K.; BADALAMENTI F.; LANGENECK J.; NOEL P.; DEIDUN A.; MARCHINI A.; SKOURADAKIS G.; ROYO L.; SINI M.; BIANCHI C.N.; SGHAIER Y.-R.; GHANEM R.; DOUMPAS N.; ZAOUALI J.; TSIRINTANIS K.; PAPADAKIS O.; MORRI C.; 脟INAR M.E.; TERRADOS J.; INSACCO G.; ZAVA B.; SOUFI-KECHAOU E.; PIAZZI L.; BEN AMOR K.O.; ANDRIOTIS E.; GAMBI M.C.; BEN AMOR M.M.; GARRABOU J.; LINARES C.; FORTI? A.; DIGENIS M.; CEBRIAN E.; FOURT M.; ZOTOU M.; CASTRIOTA L.; DI MARTINO V.; ROSSO A.; PIPITONE C.; FALAUTANO M.; GARC脥A M.; ZAKHAMA-SRAIEB R.; KHAMASSI F.; MANNINO A.M.; KTARI M.H.; KOSMA I.; RIFI M.; KARACHLE P.K.; YAPICI S.; BOS A.R.; BALISTRERI P.; RAMOS ESPL脕 A.A.; TEMPESTI J.; INGLESE O.; GIOVOS I.; DAMALAS D.; BENHISSOUNE S.; HUSEYINOGLU M.F.; RJIBA- BAHRI W.; SANTAMAR脥A J.; ORLANDO-BONACA M.; IZQUIERDO A.; STAMOULI C.; MONTEFALCONE M.; CERIM H.; GOLO R.; TSIOLI S.; ORFANIDIS S.; MICHAILIDIS N.; GAGLIOTI M.; TA?KIN E.; MANCUSO E.; ?UNEC A.; CVITKOVI? I.; FILIZ H.; SANFILIPPO R.; SIAPATIS A.; MAVRI? B.; KARAA S.; T脺RKER A.; MONNIOT F.; VERDURA J.; EL OUAMARI N.; SELFATI M.; ZENETOS A.;

Good datasets of geo-referenced records of alien species are a prerequisite for assessing the spatio-temporal dynamics of biological invasions, their invasive potential, and the magnitude of their impacts. However, with the exception of first records on a country level or wider regions, observations of species presence tend to remain unpublished, buried in scattered repositories or in the personal...

Froese R.; Winker H.; Coro G.; Demirel N.; Tsikliras A. C.; Dimarchopoulou D.; Scarcella G.; Palomares M.L.; Dureuil M.; Pauly D.;

This contribution presents the detailed responses to the peer-review of Froese et al. (2019) "Estimating stock status from relative abundance and resilience" (ICES J. Mar. Sci. 2019) which outlined a method called "AMSY" for inferring biomass trends for stocks for which only catch-per-unit-effort and limited ancillary ('priors') data are available. The responses emphasize that the required priors are...

Andrea Petetta; Claudio Vasapollo; Massimo Virgili; Giada Bargione; Alessandro Lucchetti;

Passive bottom-set nets are the most widely used fishing gears in Mediterranean small-scale fisheries (SSFs). Trammel nets, in particular, have key advantages such as their ease of use and handling and high capture efficiency for numerous commercial species. However, they entail high discard rates (5-44% of the total catch) connected to high mortality, thus exerting an adverse impact on benthic communities,...

Elisa Droghini; Enrico Dinell; Federico Spagnoli; Mario Tramontana; Giuseppe Baldelli; Giulio Pappafico;

The Sicily Channel is a NW-SE trending area characterized by three main tectonic depressions (i.e., the Pantelleria, Linosa and Malta basins). Five gravity cores collected in these basins were studied. By means of geochemical analyses the main elements characterizing the sampled sediments were recognized. The nor-malized values of Ti and K allowed identifying some changes in sediment com-position and...

Federico Spagnoli; Emanuela Frapiccini;

I primi passi e le prime tecnologie. Le profondit脿 marine e la tettonica. Le navi oceanografiche e sistemi di esplorazione. In Italia vi 猫 una buona tradizione per ci貌 che riguarda lo studio dei fondali, della colonna d'acqua e della biologia marine, i primi istituti e laboratori. Uno studio di Cnr-Irbim Ancona

Federico Spagnoli; Rocco De Marco; Giordano Giuliani; Pierluigi Penna; Alessandra Campanelli; Eleni Kaberi; Christina Zeri; Giovanni Bortoluzzi; Patrizia Giordano; Mariangela Ravaioli; Valter Martinotti 2020-;

T o evaluate the anthropogenic impact in surface sediments of the Northern and Central Adriatic Sea, dissolved fluxes at the sediment water interface of heavy metals and nutrients on the sea bottom in front of the Po River mouths and along the western side of the Northern and Central Adriatic Sea have been determined. The fluxes have been measured by benthic chamber deployments and calculated by pore...

Alessio Gomiero; 脴ys忙d Kjell Birger; Pierluigi Strafella; Gianna Fabi; Giuseppe Scarcella;

Plastic waste is of increasing concern in the aquatic environment. A large portion of this plastic waste is produced onshore and reaches the marine environment, which is considered the main sink of plastic debris. Floating plastic particles accumulate in pelagic habitats. However, due to biofilm formation they eventually sink and accumulate on the seafloor together with non-buoyant by design plastic...

Martina Scanu; Luca Bolognini; Fabio Grati;

The Adriatic Sea is one of the world's most heavily exploited areas, with a large number and variety of commercial important species caught and a wide range of fishing methods employed. In this basin, small-scale fisheries (SSFs), performed by fishing vessels of an overall length <12 m and not using towed gear, play a major socioeconomic role. The Adriatic SSFs are diverse, complex, and dynamic;...

Grilli F.; Accoroni S.; Acri F.; Bernardi Aubry F.; Bergami C.; Cabrini M.; Campanelli A.; Giani M.; Guicciardi S.; Marini M.; Neri F.; Penna A.; Penna P.; Pugnetti A.; Ravaioli M.; Riminucci F.; Ricci F.; Totti C.; Viaroli P.; Cozzi S.;

: Long-term data series (1971-2015) of hydrological and biogeochemical parameters were analysed in order to assess trends and variability of oceanographic conditions in the northern Adriatic Sea (NAS), a mid-latitude shallow continental shelf strongly impacted by river discharges, human activities and climate changes. Interpolation maps and statistical models were applied to investigate seasonal and...

Mikel Aristegui-Ezquibela ? Jacopo Aguzzi? Candelaria Burgos ? Matteo Chiarini ? Ratko Cvitani? Joaquin del Rio ? Jennifer Doyle ? Spyros Fifas ? J贸nas J贸nasson ?Patrik Jonsson ? Mathieu Lundy Michela Martinelli? Gerald McAllister ? Damir Medve?ek ? Atif Naseer ? Charlotte Reeve Mats Ulmestrand ? Jean-Philippe Vacherot ? Yolanda Vila ? Adrian Weetman ? Kai Wieland;

This document is the product of an expert group under the auspices of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea and does not necessarily represent the view of the Council. The Working Group on Nephrops Surveys (WGNEPS) is the international coordination group for Nephrops underwater television and trawl surveys within ICES. This report summarizes the national contributions on the results...

Victor S. Kennedy; Luca Bolognini; Jakov Dulc?ic?; Ryan J. Woodland; Michael J. Wilberg; Lora A. Harris;

Fisheries in the Adriatic Sea and Chesapeake Bay are heavily exploited, with some overfished. Adriatic landings fluctuated around 140,000 metric tons (t) year-1 from 1992 to 2002, increasing to ~185,000 t year-1 in 2016. Over the same period, Chesapeake landings decreased from ~350,000 to ~200,000 t year-1 , so that 2016 landings were roughly equivalent between systems. While Chesapeake landings per...

Penna, Pierluigi; Belardinelli, Andrea; Croci, Camilla Sofia; Domenichetti, Filippo; Martinelli, Michela;

From 2003 to 2013, the Ancona section of CNR-IRBIM (formerly part of CNR-Institute of Marine Science) runned the "Fishery Observing System" (FOS) program aimed at using Italian fishing vessels as Vessels Of Opportunity (VOOs) for the collection of scientifically useful datasets (Falco et al. 2007). Some commercial fishing vessels, targetting small pelagic species in the northern and central Adriatic...

Zappal脿 G.; Caruso G.; Denaro R.; Crisafi F.; Monticelli L.S.;

Microorganisms are considered as sentinels of environmental changes, but microbial response to the presence of contaminants, such as hydrocarbons, is still not fully understood. This study aimed at assessing the response of the microbial community to the presence of oil pollution, by comparison of two ecosystems, Milazzo Gulf (Sicily, Italy) and Caleta Cordova (Argentina), as representative of two...

Cooper Van Vranken 1; Berthe M. J. Vastenhoud 1; James P. Manning 2; Kristian S. Plet-Hansen 3; Julie Jakoboski 4; Patrick Gorringe 5; Michela Martinelli 6;

While the observation of the open ocean is well achieved by automated ocean measurement instruments, coastal and shelf seas suffer the lack of sub-surface collection platforms. Commercial fishing gear such as bottom trawls, pots, traps and long lines can act as platforms for sensors, which collect physical oceanographic data concurrently with normal fishing operations. The lack of observed in situ...

Spagnoli F. 1; Andaloro F. 2; Canese S. 2; Capaccioni B. 3; Esposito V. 2; Giordano P. 4; Romeo T.2; Bortoluzzi G 5.;

A seguito del violento rilascio di gas, verifica-tosi nel 2002 e 2003, nell'area prospiciente gli isolotti a est dell'isola vulcanica di Panarea, sono state condotte nume-rose ricerche per comprendere l'origine, la natura e gli effetti di queste emissioni. Tali ricerche hanno evidenziato vari punti di rilascio di gas e fluidi idrotermali ricchi di CO2 nel-l'area di mare a est di Panarea e hanno prodotto...

Bordogna, Gloria; Carrara, Paola; Ceresi, Andrea; Fugazza, Cristiano; Lella, Simone; Oggioni, Alessandro; Pavesi, Fabio; Tagliolato, Paolo; Zilioli, Martina;

Sito web di documentazione, descrizione, accesso e utilizzo degli ambienti di lavoro sviluppati per la gestione dei dati raccolti nel sistema FishDataNet (http://150.146.207.152) nell'ambito dell'attuazione del Data Collection Framework (https://datacollection.jrc.ec.europa.eu/index.html) Il sito 猫 sviluppato, a livello nazionale, nell'ambito del Piano di Lavoro per la Raccolta di Dati nel settore...

Bordogna, Gloria; Carrara, Paola; Ceresi, Andrea; Fugazza, Cristiano; Lella, Simone; Oggioni, Alessandro; Pavesi, Fabio; Tagliolato, Paolo; Zilioli, Martina;

Banca dei dati raccolti nel sistema FishDataNet (http://150.146.207.152) nell'ambito dell'attuazione del Data Collection Framework (https://datacollection.jrc.ec.europa.eu/index.html) E' sviluppata, a livello nazionale, nell'ambito del Piano di Lavoro per la Raccolta di Dati nel settore della pesca e dell'Acquacoltura (PLNRDA) 2017-2019, al servizio del Ministero MIPAAF La Banca dati, gestita attraverso...

Gentile G.; Maimone G.; La Ferla R.; Azzaro M.; Catalfamo M.; Genovese M.; Santisi S.; Maldani M.; Macri A.; Cappello S.;

The peculiar biotechnological applications of Oleispira spp. in the natural cleansing of oil-polluted marine systems stimulated the study of the phenotypic characteristics of the Oleispira antarctica RB-8(T) strain and modifications of these characteristics in relation to different growth conditions. Bacterial abundance, cell size and morphology variations (by image analysis) and hydrocarbon degradation...

Strafella; P.; L'opez Correa; M.; Pyko; I.; Teichert; S.; Gomiero; A.;

The increasing rate of worldwide plastic consumption and its release to the environment associated with a low degradation rate is resulting, nowadays, in its accumulation in all the ocean matrices, from sediment to water, in pelagic and benthic biota, from coastal to open ocean areas at each latitude. A big amount of manufactured plastic materials ends up in the oceans, floats on the sea surface, drifts...

Bonanomi, Sara; Brcic, Jure; Herrmann, Bent; Notti, Emilio; Colombelli, Alessandro; Moro, Fabrizio; Pulcinella, Jacopo; Sala, Antonello;

The current legal codends used in Mediterranean bottom trawl fisheries are at high risk of retaining undersized individuals of several commercial fish species. This entails that codends alone are unable to provide the desired exploitation pattern. A simple technological measure that potentially can provide higher release efficiency of undersized fish are Square-Mesh Panels (SMPs). SMPs are often applied...

Quero, Grazia Marina; Ape, Francesca; Manini, Elena; Mirto, Simone; Luna, Gian Marco;

The marine fish farming industry is growing at a significant rate, yet a number of concerns still remain with regards to environmental impacts on the surrounding coastal sea and its biota. Here, we assessed the impact of intensive farming on benthic prokaryotic communities at a Mediterranean sea bass and sea bream intensive aquaculture site over a period of 10 months, in relation to the increase in...

Tassetti, Anna Nora; Minelli, Annalisa; Ferra, Carmen; Guicciardi, Stefano; Gaetani, Annalisa; Fabi, Gianna;

Research on abundance and composition of fish assemblages surrounding offshore extraction platforms is essential to evaluate their impact as well as to understand relationships between natural and artificial habitats. Also decommissioning practice, which belongs to the lifecycle of these structures, can be encouraged or discouraged if fish school behaviour in the close proximity of the platform is...

Ferra, Carmen; Tassetti, Anna Nora; Armelloni, Enrico Nicola; Galdelli, Alessandro; Scarcella, Giuseppe; Fabi, Gianna;

In the past decades, the Automatic Identification System (AIS) has been employed in numerous research fields as a valuable tool for, among other things, Maritime Domain Awareness and Maritime Spatial Planning. In contrast, its use in fisheries management is hampered by coverage and transmission gaps. Transmission gaps may be due to technical limitations (e.g., weak signal or interference with other...

Masnadi F.; Armelloni E.N.; Guicciardi S.; Pellini G.; Raicevich S.; Mazzoldi C.; Scanu M.; Sabatini L.; Tassetti A.N.; Ferra C.; Grati F.; Bolognini L.; Domenichetti F.; Cacciamani R.; Cali F.; Polidori P.; Fabi G.; Luzi F.; Giovanardi O.; Bernarello V.; Pasanisi E.; Franceschini G.; Breggion C.; Bozzetta E.; Sambo A.; Prioli G.; Gugnali A.; Piccioni E.; Fiori F.; Caruso F.; Scarcella G.;

Fishery discard survival depends on multiple conditions; caution is essential when survival study outputs are employed to support management decisions. The study presents a stepwise procedure, devised to estimate discard survival, that accounts for the variability characterizing commercial fishing practices. The procedure was applied to the first survival study performed onboard rapido trawlers targeting...

Poursanidis, Dimitris; Kalogirou, Stefanos; Azzurro, Ernesto; Parravicini, Valeriano; Bariche, Michel; Dohna, Heinrich Zu;

The common lionfish Pterois miles has rapidly spread across the eastern Mediterranean Sea. We compiled occurrence data from both native and invaded range under the framework of Species Distribution Modelling (SDM). Through a construction of an environmental suitability model and estimation of spread rates we investigated the lionfish climate niche in both its native and invaded domains, this latter...

Fazi, Stefano; Baldassarre, Laura; Cassin, Daniele; Quero, Grazia Marina; Pizzetti, Ilaria; Cibic, Tamara; Luna, Gian Marco; Zonta, Roberto; Del Negro, Paola;

The influence of the freshwater runoff on marine prokaryotes has been largelly studied in the pelagic environment, little is known about the effects on the prokaryotes in coastal sediments. We investigated the distribution of benthic prokaryotes in the northern Adriatic Sea, when an extreme Po River flood event determined high heterogeneity along the estuarine salinity gradient (from mainly freshwater...

Melito, Lorenzo; Postacchini, Matteo; Sheremet, Alex; Calantoni, Joseph; Zitti, Gianluca; Darvini, Giovanna; Penna, Pierluigi; Brocchini, Maurizio;

The evolution of different wave components as they propagate within a microtidal inlet during a storm occurring from 24-26 January 2014 is analysed, in order to improve knowledge on how microtidal river mouths typical of the Adriatic Sea behave. For the first time, the "low-pass filter'' mechanism previously ascertained at several macrotidal oceanic inlets around the world has been observed in the...

Azzurro, Ernesto; D'Amen, Manuela;

Aim The development of approaches to predict the distribution and potential expansion of invasive species is still an open challenge. Here our goal is to improve the modelling procedure for marine invaders by coupling Species Distribution Models (SDMs) with an analysis of their univariate niche dynamics. In particular, we tested for the first time whether choosing model predictors...

D'Amen M.; Azzurro E.;

Mediterranean marine protected areas (MPAs), designed to achieve long-term nature conservation, are progressively conquered by invasive species of tropical origin, posing novel challenges for managers and policymakers of the 21st century. In this study, we assessed the vulnerability of 142 coastal Mediterranean MPAs to nine of the most invasive fishes under current and future climatic conditions. We...

Sbragaglia, Valerio; Cerri, Jacopo; Bolognini, Luca; Dragicevic, Branko; Dulcic, Jakov; Grati, Fabio; Azzurro, Ernesto;

Marine recreational fishers accumulate a vast amount of local ecological knowledge (LEK) during their fishing activity that can be of paramount importance for monitoring how climate change affects fish assemblages. We assessed LEK of recreational fishers to investigate the increase in the abundance of 5 northward-expanding indigenous thermophilic fish species in 2 Mediterranean subregions. We accessed...

Ragkousis, Michail; Abdelali, Nardjes; Azzurro, Ernesto; Badreddine, Ali; Bariche, Michael; Bitar, Ghazi; Crocetta, Fabio; Denitto, Francesco; Digenis, Markos; El Zrelli, Radhouan; Ergenler, Aysegul; Fortic, Ana; Gerovasileiou, Vasilis; Grimes, Samir; Katsanevakis, Stelios; Kocak, Cengtz; Licchelli, Cataldo; Loudaros, Evgenios; Mastrototaro, Francesco; Mavric, Borut; Mavruk, Sinan; Miliou, Anastasia; Montesanto, Federica; Ovalis, Panayods; Pontes, Miquel; Rabaoui, Lotfi; Sevingel, Nail; Spinelli, Andrea; Tiralongo, Francesco; Tsatiris, Alexandros; Turan, Cemal; Vitale, Dyana; Yalgin, Ferhat; Yapici, Sercan; Zenetos, Argyro;

This article includes 23 new records of alien and cryptogenic species in the Mediterranean Sea, belonging to 4 Phyla (Chordata, Echinodermata, Arthropoda and Mollusca), distributed from the Alboran to the Levantine Sea. Records are reported from eight countries listed from West to East as follows: Algeria: new records of the Atlantic blue crab Callinectes sapidus; Spain: further spread and establishment...

Tuset V.M.; Lombarte A.; Bariche M.; Maynou F.; Azzurro E.;

Here we used a method of morphological niche analysis, previously shown to be an effective predictor of invasion success, to investigate morphological relationships of sagittae otoliths of Lessepsian (Red sea species entering the Mediterranean through the Suez Canal) fishes within the morphospace of the corresponding receiving taxonomic groups. Overall, sagittae of 13 Lessepsian species and 49 closely...

Tsiamis, Konstantinos; Azzurro, Ernesto; Bariche, Michel; Cinar, Melih E.; Crocetta, Fabio; De Clerck, Olivier; Galil, Bella; Gomez, Fernando; Hoffman, Razy; Jensen, Kathe R.; Kamburska, Lyudmila; Langeneck, Joachim; Langer, Martin R.; Levitt-Barmats, Ya'arit; Lezzi, Marco; Marchini, Agnese; Occhipinti-Ambrogi, Anna; Ojaveer, Henn; Piraino, Stefano; Shenkar, Noa; Yankova, Maria; Zenetos, Argyro; Zuljevic, Ante; Cardoso, Ana Cristina;

The disproportionately low presence of marine species in the list of invasive alien species (IAS) of Union concern of the European Union (EU) Regulation 1143/2014 does not fully acknowledge the threat they pose to the EU marine environment. In this study, the first EU-scale Horizon Scanning (HS) focusing on marine alien species was performed, aiming to deliver a ranked list of species that should be...

Azzurro E.; Bariche M.; Cerri J.; Garrabou J.;

The silver-cheeked toadfish Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin, 1789) is rapidly expanding westward through the Mediterranean Sea. On December 2017, a single individual was caught by a local fisherman at the westernmost end of the basin, the Straits of Gibraltar at San Amaro beach, Bahia norte, Ceuta, Spain (35.8974; -5.2994). This new record opens to the possibility of this Indo-Pacific pest to spread...

Cerri, Jacopo; Chiesa, Stefania; Bolognini, Luca; Mancinelli, Giorgio; Grati, Fabio; Dragicevic, Branko; Dulcic, Jakov; Azzurro, Ernesto;

Marine bioinvasions require integrating monitoring tools with other complementary strategies. In this study, we collected information about the invasive alien crab Callinectes sapidus in Italy, Croatia and Montenegro, by means of online questionnaires administered to recreational fishers (n = 797). Our records matched the current distribution of the species: C. sapidus resulted far more common in the...

Despoti, Smaragda; Milisenda, Giacomo; Ligas, Alessandro; Bentes, Luis; Maynou, Francesc; Vitale, Sergio; Garofalo, Germana; Sbrana, Mario; Erzini, Karim; Tserpes, George; Tsagarakis, Konstantinos; Maina, Irida; Pyrounaki, Maria Myrto; Papadopoulou, Nadia; Machias, Athanassios; Colloca, Francesco; Fiorentino, Fabio; Stergiou, Konstantinos I.; Giannoulaki, Marianna;

Discards is an important issue in fisheries around the world. The spatial management of discards has attracted interest as a potential tool for minimizing the unwanted catch. The aim of the present work was to identify areas with high quantities of bottom trawl discarded catch regarding species subjected to MCRS, in six areas of southern European waters (southern Portuguese waters, Catalan Sea, Ligurian...

Falsone, F.; Scannella, D.; Geraci, M. L.; Vitale, S.; Colloca, F.; Di Maio, F.; Milisenda, G.; Gancitano, V.; Bono, G.; Fiorentino, F.;

The high variability of trammel fisheries, due to a marked seasonality in target species and fishing activities needs to be investigated with high spatial and temporal resolution. The present study focuses on trammel net fishery in southwestern Sicily (central Mediterranean Sea) identifying and characterizing the main m茅tiers in relation to some key aspects of the fishery such as the target species,...

de Juan, Silvia; Hinz, Hilmar; Sartor, Paolo; Vitale, Sergio; Bentes, Luis; Bellido, Jose M.; Musumeci, Claudia; Massi, Daniela; Gancitano, Vita; Demestre, Montserrat;

Reducing the impact on vulnerable species through changes in fishing practices, such as the spatial or temporal avoidance of certain areas, is key to increase the ecological sustainability of fisheries. However, it is often hampered by the availability of sufficiently detailed data and robust indicators. Existing trawl surveys are a cost-effective data source to assess the vulnerability of fishing...

Falsone, Fabio; Scannella, Danilo; Geraci, Michele Luca; Vitale, Sergio; Sardo, Giacomo; Fiorentino, Fabio;

Five specimens of the invasive American blue crab Callinectes sapidus were caught from October 2018 to December 2019 off the Mazara del Vallo harbour, Strait of Sicily. This note documents further records of the species in the Strait of Sicily and its settlement in the area. In addition, an update of the spatial distribution of C. sapidus in the Mediterranean Sea was provided.

Froese R.; Winker H.; Coro G.; Demirel N.; Tsikliras A.C.; Dimarchopoulou D.; Scarcella G.; Deng Palomares M.L.; Dureuil M.; Pauly D.;

The Law of the Sea and regional and national laws and agreements require exploited populations or stocks to be managed so that they can produce maximum sustainable yields. However, exploitation level and stock status are unknown for most stocks because the data required for full stock assessments are missing. This study presents a new method [abundance maximum sustainable yields (AMSY)] that estimates...

Savoca S.; Capillo G.; Mancuso M.; Panarello G.; Crupi R.; Bonsignore M.; D'Urso L.; Compagnini G.; Neri F.; Fazio E.; Romeo T.; Bottari T.; Span貌 N.;

Pollution deriving from textile wastes, including industrial and household waste, is recently of great interest due to their environmental impacts. Anthropogenic and synthetic fibers are responsible for negative effects on the quality of water and soil, and, also, their presence damages plant and animal health. In this work, the authors revealed the occurrence of man-made cellulose fibers in specimens...

Buccheri M.A.; Salvo E.; Coci M.; Quero G.M.; Zoccarato L.; Privitera V.; Rappazzo G.;

High-Throughput Sequencing technologies are providing unprecedented inventories of microbial communities in aquatic samples, offering an invaluable tool to estimate the impact of anthropogenic pressure on marine communities. In this case study, the Mediterranean touristic site of Aci Castello (Italy) was investigated by High-Throughput Sequencing of 16S and 18S rRNA genes. The sampling area falls within...

Caruso C.; Rizzo C.; Mangano S.; Poli A.; Di Donato P.; Nicolaus B.; Finore I.; Di Marco G.; Michaud L.; Lo Giudice A.;

Marinobacter sp. W1-16 from Antarctic surface seawater was analysed for the production of extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs). Enhancement of the EPS biosynthesis was carried out by evaluating the influences of the carbon source (type and concentration), temperature, pH and salinity. EPS yields varied strongly depending on sugar substrate and temperature, while pH and salinity did not strongly...

Russo, Tommaso; D'Andrea, Lorenzo; Franceschini, Simone; Accadia, Paolo; Cucco, Andrea; Garofalo, Germana; Gristina, Michele; Parisi, Antonio; Quattrocchi, Giovanni; Sabatella, Rosaria Felicita; Sinerchia, Matteo; Canu, Donata M.; Cataudella, Stefano; Fiorentino, Fabio;

In the last decades, the Mediterranean Sea experienced an increasing trend of fish stocks in overfishing status. Therefore, management actions to achieve a more sustainable exploitation of fishery resources are required and compelling. In this study, a spatially explicit multi-species bio-economic modeling approach, namely, SMART, was applied to the case study of central Mediterranean Sea to assess...

Franceschini S.; Mattei F.; D'Andrea L.; Di Nardi A.; Fiorentino F.; Garofalo G.; Scardi M.; Cataudella S.; Russo T.;

Marine litter has significant ecological, social and economic impacts, ultimately raising welfare and conservation concerns. Assessing marine litter hotspots or inferring potential areas of accumulation are challenging topics of marine research. Nevertheless, models able to predict the distribution of marine litter on the seabed are still limited. In this work, a set of Artificial Neural Networks were...

S. Cappello; M. Genovese; I. Ielo; M. Lo Piccolo; A. Macr矛; G. Rando; G. Sabatino; M.R. Plutino;

The development of new eco-friendly, sustainable and economically-sound technologies to clean up the environment from contaminants is one of the most challenging task of actual biotechnology. In the last years, different physical, chemical and biological technologies have specifically focused on actions to protect and restore environment from xenobiotic (e.g. oil hydrocarbons). Bioremediation techniques...

Santisi S; Catalfamo M; Bonsignore M; Gentile G; Di Salvo E; Genovese M; Mahjoubi M; Cherif A; Mancini G; Hassanshahian M; Pioggia G; Cappello S;

The aims of this study were: (i) the characterization of the structure of the indigenous microbial community associated with the sediments under study; (ii) the isolation and characterization of microbial consortia able to degrade the aged hydrocarbons contaminating the sediments, and (iii) the assessment of related biodegradation capability of selected consortia. Samples of surface sediments were...

MARCELLI M; BONAMANO S; BOSCHI M; BURGIO C; CAFARO V; CAPORALE G; CARUSO G; FERSINI G; MADONIA A; MANCINI E; PIAZZOLLA D; PIERMATTEI V; SCANU S; ZAPPALA G;

Industrial and commercial, together with touristic and ecological, are two of the main uses of the Civitavecchia coastal area that bring wealth and of course influence this marine ecosystem. The port, one of the most important in the Mediterranean Sea, recorded in the last three decades a major increment of its commercial traffic, becoming also strategic for important Mediterranean cruise routes and...

Manuel Hidalgo; Alessandro Ligas; Jos茅 Mar铆a Bellido; Isabella Bitetto; Pierluiggi Carbonara; Roberto Carlucci; Beatriz Guijarro; Angelique Jadaud; Giuseppe Lembo; Chiara Manfredi; Antonio Esteban; Germana Garofalo; Zdravko Ikica; Cristina Garc铆a; Luis Gil de Sola; Stefanos Kavadas; Irida Maina; Letizia Sion; Stefania Vittori; Nedo Vrgoc;

Most studies on European hake focus on the recruitment process and nursery areas, whereas the information is comparatively limited on the ecology of the juvenile stage (ca. second year of life)--the one most exploited by the Mediterranean trawl fisheries. Using information of the MEDITS programme, we provide a spatial and temporal assessment of the influence of body size and growth on hake survival...

Letizia Sion; Walter Zupa; Crescenza Calculli; Germana Garofalo; Manuel Hidalgo; Ang茅lique Jadaud; Evgenia Lefkaditou; Alessandro Ligas; Panagiota Peristeraki; Isabella Bitetto; Francesca Capezzuto; Roberto Carlucci; Antonio Esteban; Cristina Follesa; Beatriz Guijarro; Zdravko Ikica; Igor Isajlovic; Giuseppe Lembo; Chiara Manfredi; Jos茅 Luis P茅rez; Cristina Porcu; Ioannis Thasitis; George Tserpes; Pierluigi Carbonara;

The present study provides updated information on the occurrence, abundance and biomass distribution patterns and length frequencies of Merluccius merluccius in the Mediterranean Sea, by analysing a time series of data from the Mediterranean International Trawl Surveys (MEDITS) from 1994 to 2015. The highest values of abundance and biomass were observed in the Sardinian Seas. The use of a generalized...

Francesco Colloca; Giacomo Milisenda; Francesca Capezzuto; Alessandro Cau; Germana Garofalo; Ang茅lique Jadaud; Sotiris Kiparissis; Reno Micallef; Stefano Montanini; Ioannis Thasitis; Maria Vallisneri; Alessandro Voliani; Nedo Vrgoc; Walter Zupa; Francesc Ordines;

In this study we investigated the spatio-temporal distribution of gurnards (8 species of Triglidae and one species of Peristediidae) in the northern Mediterranean Sea using 22 years of MEDITS bottom trawl survey data (1994-2015). Gurnards showed significant differences in terms of abundance, dominance and composition among geographical sub-areas and ecoregions, with the highest relative biomass (BIy)...

Kraus R.; Grilli F.; Supic N.; Janekovic I.; Brailo M.; Cara M.; Cetinic A.B.; Campanelli A.; Cozzi S.; D'Adamo R.; Djakovac T.; Dutour-Sikiric M.; Putrle V.F.; Francee J.; Joksimovic D.; Klun K.; Kolitari J.; Kralj M.; Kuspilic G.; Marini M.; Matic F.; Mikus J.; Nincevic-Gladan Z.; Pansera M.; Pecarevic M.; Precali R.; Prusina I.; Relitti F.; Santucci A.; Specchiulli A.; Skalic D.;

Vessels, specifically ballast water and hull fouling, are a major vector for the introduction of non-indigenous species (NIS) in European seas. The Mediterranean is one of the world's marine regions where their invasion is heaviest. The shallow Adriatic basin is a highly sensitive area that is already experiencing its consequences. The secondary spread of NIS over a wider area through natural dispersion...

Agnetta; D. Badalamenti; F. Colloca; F. D'Anna; G. Di Lorenzo; M. Fiorentino; F. Garofalo; G. Gristina; M. Labanchi; L. Patti; B. Pipitone; C. Solidoro; C. Libralato; S.;

Benthic--pelagic coupling plays a pivotal role in aquatic ecosystems but the effects of fishery driven interactions on its functioning has been largely overlooked. Disentangling the benthic--pelagic links including effects of mixed fisheries, however, needs sketching a whole description of ecosystem interactions using quantitative tools. A holistic food web model has been here developed in order to...

PIPITONE C.; D'ANNA G.; BADALAMENTI F.; ANDALORO F.; FALAUTANO M.; FIORENTINO F.; GIANGUZZA P.; RINELLI P.; SPAN脪 N.;

Il Golfo di Castellammare (Mar Tirreno, Sicilia nord-occidentale) 猫 sottoposto dal 1990 a un divieto di pesca a strascico che copre gran parte della piattaforma continentale per circa 200 km2. L'efficacia del divieto come misura di gestione della pesca finalizzata al recupero degli stock ittici 猫 stata valutata attraverso numerose campagne di ricerca effettuate fra il 1985 e il 2005, prima e dopo l'applicazione...

Froese R.; Winker H.; Coro G.; Demirel N.; Tsikliras A.C.; Dimarchopoulou D.; Scarcella G.; Probst W.N.; Dureuil M.; Pauly D.;

There is a recognized need for new methods with modest data requirements to provide preliminary estimates of stock status for data-limited stocks (e.g. Rudd and Thorson, 2018). Froese et al. (2018)provide such a method, which derives estimates of relative stock size from length frequency (LF) data of exploited stocks. They show that their length-based Bayesian biomass estimation method (LBB) can reproduce...

Strafella, Pierluigi; Salvalaggio, Vera; Cuicchi, Clara; Punzo, Elisa; Santelli, Angela; Spagnolo, Alessandra; Fabi, Gianna;

Alive specimens belonging to Tellimya tenella (Loven, 1846) were recorded for the first time in Adriatic Sea. Up to date, only few pleistocene fossils or empty valves of this species had been reported in Italian waters.

Strafella, P.; Fabi, G.; Despalatovic, M.; Cvitkovic, I.; Fortibuoni, T.; Gomiero, A.; Guicciardi, S.; Marceta, B.; Raicevich, S.; Tassetti, A. N.; Spagnolo, A.; Scarcella, G.;

Seabed debris is much less investigated in respect to the sea surface and shores due to sampling difficulties and costs. However, detecting marine benthic litter is fundamental for developing policies aimed at achieving the Good Environmental Status in European Seas by 2020, as requested by the Marine Strategy Framework Directive.

Spagnoli F; Andaloro F.; Canese S.; Capaccioni B.; Esposito V.; Giordano P.; Romeo T.; Bortoluzzi G.;

A seguito del violento rilascio di gas, verificatosi nel 2002 e 2003, nell'area prospiciente gli isolotti a est dell'Isola vulcanica di Panarea, sono state condotte numerose ricerche per comprendere l'origine, la natura e gli effetti di queste emissioni. Tali ricerche hanno evidenziato vari punti di rilascio di gas e fluidi idrotermali ricchi di CO2 nell'area di mare a est di Panarea e hanno prodotto...

Droghini, Elisa; Annibaldi, Anna; Prezioso, Emanuela; Tramontana, Mario; Frapiccini, Emanuela; De Marco, Rocco; Illuminati, Silvia; Truzzi, Cristina; Spagnoli, Federico;

Mercury contents were determined in surface sediments from the Central and Southern Adriatic Sea to gain insight into the processes, factors, and variables affecting its distribution. Mercury concentration was measured by thermal decomposition amalgamation atomic absorption spectrometry in samples collected by box-corer from Ancona to Santa Maria di Leuca during the CNR-PERTRE cruise (16/9-4/10/2016)....

Rovere M.; Mercorella A.; Spagnoli F.; Frapiccini E.; Funari V.; Pellegrini C.; Bonetti A.S.; Dell'Orso M.; Mastroianni; M.; Veneruso; T.; Ciccone F.; Antoncecchi I.; Tassetti A.N.; Giuliani G.; De Marco R.; Fabi G.;

Hydrocarbon seepage is overlooked in the marine environment, mostly due to the lack of high-resolution exploration data. This contribution is about the geophysical and geochemical investigation of two seepage sites on the shelf of the Adriatic Sea: an oil spill off Civitanova Marche, at water depth of 10 m; scattered biogenic seeps offshore Mt. Conero, at water depth of 84 m. The accurate detection...

Spagnolo, A.; Auriemma, R.; Bacci, T.; Balkovic, I; Bertasi, F.; Bolognini, L.; Cabrini, M.; Cilenti, L.; Cuicchi, C.; Cvitkovic, I; Despalatovic, M.; Grati, F.; Grossi, L.; Jaklin, A.; Lipej, L.; Markovic, O.; Mavric, B.; Mikac, B.; Nasi, F.; Nerlovic, V; Pelosi, S.; Penna, M.; Petovic, S.; Punzo, E.; Santucci, A.; Scirocco, T.; Strafella, P.; Trabucco, B.; Travizi, A.; Zuljevic, A.;

The intense shipping traffic characterising the Adriatic Sea favours the spread of marine organisms. Yet, a study of 12 Adriatic ports (4 on the western side and 8 on the eastern side of the basin) found that non-indigenous species (NIS) accounted for only 45% of the benthic communities settled on hard substrates. The cirripeds Arnphibalatuts amphitrite and Balanus trigonus, found in 8 harbours, were...

Lucchetti Alessandro; Tepedino Valentina;

Il presente manuale, che va ad aggiornare la versione del 2018, intende fornire al personale coinvolto nei controlli pesca, una sintesi della vasta normativa di settore, applicata a casi reali, una guida alle possibili frodi e agli eventuali tentativi di aggirare le norme, una guida al riconoscimento delle principali specie commerciali, ma soprattutto un supporto durante le attivit脿 sul campo, con...

Giovannelli; D.; Selci; M.; Spagnoli; F.; Tramontana; M.; Droghini; E.; Dinelli; E.; Annibaldi A.; Manini; E.;

Flowing rivers represent the first vector of transport of sediments into the marine environment. With them, huge quantities of substances like nutrients, organic matter (DOC and POM) and chemical compounds are transferred. All these spread along the marine coastal system, where under different depositional systems they can interact with benthic communities causing ecological shifts in their structure....

Venuti A.; Florindo F.; Vigliotti L.; Negri A.; Sabbatini A.; Spagnoli F.; Morigi; C.;

A marine sequence from Central Adriatic Sea (Meson-Adriatic Depression) was analyzed by means of paleomagnetic/rock magnetic analysis then integrated with micropaleontological data (planktonic foraminifera) and AMS14C measurements. The core chronology of the late 3000 years was mostly based on the correlation of paleomagnetic inclinations with those of the UK master curve and supported by radiometric...

Alessio Gomiero and Pierluigi Strafella and Gianna Fabi;

Marine litter is human-created waste that has been discharged into the coastal or marine environment. "Marine debris" is defined as anthropogenic, manufactured, or processed solid material discarded, disposed of, or abandoned in the environment, including all materials discarded into the sea, on the shore, or brought indirectly to the sea by rivers, sewage, storm water, waves, or winds. A large fraction...

Azzurro, E.; Bolognini, L.; Dragicevic, B.; Drakulovic, D.; Dulcic, J.; Fanelli, E.; Grati, F.; Kolitari, J.; Lipej, L.; Magaletti, E.; Markovic, O.; Matic-Skoko, S.; Mavric, B.; Milone, N.; Joksimovic, A.; Tomanic, J.; Scarpato, A.; Tutman, P.; Vrdoljak, D.; Zappacosta, F.;

Marine bioinvasions and other rapid biodiversity changes require today integrating existing monitoring tools with other complementary detection strategies to provide a more efficient management. Here we explored the efficacy of fishermen observations and traditional port surveys to effectively track the occurrence of both indigenous and non-indigenous megafauna in the Adriatic Sea. This consisted mainly...

Petrocelli A.; B. Antolic; L. Bolognini; E. Cecere; I. Cvitkovic; M. Despalatovic; A. Falace; S. Finotto; L. Ivesa; V. Macic; M. Marini; M. Orlando-Bonaca; F. Rubino; B. Trabucco; A. Zuljevic;

One of the objectives of the BALMAS project was to conduct Port Baseline Biological Surveys of native and non-indigenous benthic flora in 12 Adriatic ports. Samples of macroalgae growing on vertical artificial substrates were collected in spring and autumn 2014 and/or 2015. A total number of 248 taxa, 152 Rhodophyta, 62 Chlorophyta, and 34 Ochrophyta, were identified. Of these, 13 were non-indigenous...

Travizi, A.; Balkovic, I; Bacci, T.; Bertasi, F.; Cuicchi, C.; Flander-Putrle, V; Grati, F.; Grossi, L.; Jaklin, A.; Lipej, L.; Mavric, B.; Mikac, B.; Marusso, V; Montagnini, L.; Nerlovic, V; Penna, M.; Salvalaggio, V; Santelli, A.; Scirocco, T.; Spagnolo, A.; Trabucco, B.; Vani, D.;

The present paper is a contribution to the first initiative of the Port Baseline Survey (PBS) for Non-indigenous species (NIS) in the Mediterranean Sea. It presents a report on the soft-bottom macrobenthos from the five Adriatic ports: Bari, Ancona (Italy), Koper (Slovenia), Pula, Rijeka (Croatia), with a focus on the presence and contribution of NIS to native assemblages. Out of 451 species identified,...

Sbragaglia V.; Cerri J.; Bolognini L.; Dragicevic B.; Dulcic J.; Grati F.; Azzurro E. 2019;

Marine recreational fishers accumulate a vast amount of local ecological knowledge (LEK) during their fishing activity that can be of paramount importance for monitoring how climate change affects fish assemblages. We assessed LEK of recreational fishers to investigate the increase in the abundance of 5 northward-expanding indigenous thermophilic fish species in 2 Mediterranean subregions. We accessed...

Aliani S.; Sciascia R.; Giglio F.; Miserocchi S.; Giordano P.; Tesi T.; Viola A.; Mazzola M.; Vitale V.; Conese I.; Azzaro M.; Zappal脿 G.; Bruzzone G.; Langone L.;

Observing systems are the tool to study climate change when they provide the basic information to assess changes: time-series of good quality data. Marine observatories historically involved the collection of physical data as seawater temperature and salinity, but, in relative recent time, timeseries have been improved with relevant data about C fluxes and other climate related variables., e.g. nutrients,...

Kraus R.; Nincevic-Gladan; Auriemma R.; Bastianini M.; Bolognini L.; Cabrini M.; Cara M.; Calic M.; Campanelli A.; Cvitkovic I.; Despalatovic M.; Dragicevic B.; Drakulovic D.; Dulcic J.; Flander-Putrle V.; Grati F.; Grego M.; Grilli F.; Jaklin A.; Janekovic I.; Kolitari J.; Lipej L.; Magaletti E.; Marini M.; Matic-Skoko S.; Mavric B.; Mikus J.; Mozetic P.; Orlando-Bonaca M.; Petovic S.; Precali R.; Supic N.; Trabucco B.; Travizi A.; Zuljevic A.;

Port baseline surveys (PBS) provide species inventories in and around ports, with a focus on non-indigenous species that may have been introduced by vessels, primarily via ballast water. PBS are an essential tool to support effective management strategies for non-indigenous as well as native harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens (HAOP). This paper describes the methodology of PBS that were conducted...

Notti, Emilio; Figari, Massimo; Sala, Antonello; Martelli, Michele;

Fishing is an energy-intensive economic activity. Research in several fields is conducted to improve the energy and environmental profile of fishing vessels. As regards the technical measures, the assessment of benefits is often hampered by boundary conditions that are difficult to quantify and side effects that are difficult to unravel. This study examined the impact of a fluoropolymer-based fouling...

Ape, Francesca; Manini, Elena; Quero, Grazia Marina; Luna, Gian Marco; Sara, Gianluca; Vecchio, Paolo; Brignoli, Pierlorenzo; Ansferri, Sante; Mirto, Simone;

Fish farm deposition, resulting in organic matter accumulation on bottom sediments, has been identified as among the main phenomena causing negative environmental impacts in aquaculture. An in situ bioremediation treatment was carried out in order to reduce the organic matter accumulation in the fish farm sediments by promoting the natural microbial biodegradation processes. To assess the effect of...

Canals, Miguel; Danovaro, Roberto; Luna, Gian Marco;

The Mediterranean Sea, a land-locked and highly vulnerable sea, is one of the world's marine basins with the highest concentrations of deep-sea canyons. The knowledge of the biology and ecology of Mediterranean canyons has increased notably in the last 20 years. The present paper aims at summarizing the new knowledge presented in the Special Issue of Progress in Oceanography entitled "Ecology and functioning...

Quero, Grazia Marina; Celussi, Mauro; Relitti, Federica; Kovacevic, Vedrana; Del Negro, Paola; Luna, Gian Marco;

The deep Arctic Ocean is increasingly vulnerable to climate change effects, yet our understanding of its microbial processes is limited. We collected samples from shelf waters, mesopelagic Atlantic Waters (AW) and bathypelagic Norwegian Sea Deep Waters (NSDW) in the eastern Fram Strait, along coast-to-offshore transects off Svalbard during boreal summer. We measured community respiration, heterotrophic...

Tassetti A. N.; Ferra C.; Fabi G.;

The currently existing Biological Protection Areas (BPAs) are Italian conservation measures specifically oriented to preserve/recover commercial fish stocks through the regulation or ban of few fishing activities. Although BPAs have been well identified/designed within the Italian national waters, neither data on their effects on fishery resources nor on the fishers' compliance with these no-take regulations...

Casabianca, Silvia; Capellacci, Samuela; Giacobbe, Maria Grazia; Dell'Aversano, Carmela; Tartaglione, Luciana; Varriale, Fabio; Narizzano, Riccardo; Risso, Fulvia; Moretto, Paolo; Dagnino, Alessandro; Bertolotto, Rosella; Barbone, Enrico; Ungaro, Nicola; Penna, Antonella;

Plastic debris carry fouling a variety of class-size organisms, among them harmful microorganisms that potentially play a role in the dispersal of allochthonous species and toxic compounds with ecological impacts on the marine environment and human health. We analyzed samples of marine plastics floating at the sea surface using a molecular qPCR assay to quantify the attached microalgal taxa, in particular,...

Dell'Aversano, Carmela; Tattaglione, Luciana; Polito, Giuseppe; Dean, Karl; Giacobbe, Mariagrazia; Casabianca, Silvia; Capellacci, Samuela; Penna, Antonella; Turner, Andrew D.;

Paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) and tetrodotoxin (TTX) are naturally-occurring toxins that may contaminate the food chain, inducing similar neurological symptoms in humans. They are co-extracted under the same conditions and thus their combined detection is desirable. Whilst PST are regulated and officially monitored in Europe, more data on TTX occurrence in bivalves and gastropods are needed before...

Illuminati, Silvia; Annibaldi, Anna; Truzzi, Cristina; Tercier-Waeber, Mary-Lou; Noel, Stephane; Braungardt, Charlotte B.; Achterberg, Eric P.; Howell, Kate A.; Turner, David; Marini, Mauro; Romagnoli, Tiziana; Totti, Cecilia; Confalonieri, Fabio; Graziottin, Flavio; Buffle, Jacques; Scarponi, Giuseppe;

Information on the distribution and speciation of trace metals is of critical importance for our ability to interpret the links between the bioavailability and uptake of an element, and its biogeochemical cycle in coastal environments. Within the framework of the European Project "In-situ automated Monitoring of Trace metal speciation in Estuaries and Coastal zones in relation with the biogeochemical...

David, Matej; Magaletti, Erika; Kraus, Romina; Marini, Mauro;

The United Nations recognised the transfer of invasive species across natural barriers as one of the greatest pressures to the world's oceans and seas. The BWM Convention sets the global standards on ballast water management (BWM) requirements, while recognising that regional and local specifics have to be considered for its effective implementation. In the Adriatic Sea cross-border activities were...

S. Casabianca; S. Capellacci; M.G. Giacobbe; C. Dell'Aversano; L. Tartaglione; F. Varriale; R. Narizzano; F. Risso; P. Moretto; A. Dagnino; R. Bertolotto; E. Barbone; N. Ungaro; A. Penna;

Plastic debris carry fouling a variety of class-size organisms, among them harmful microorganisms that potentially play a role in the dispersal of allochthonous species and toxic compounds with ecological impacts on the marine environment and human health. Samples of marine plastics floating at the sea surface were analysed using a molecular quantification assay. This study reports the first evaluations...

16.Azzurro E.; Sbragaglia V.; Cerri J.; Bariche M.; Bolognini L.; Ben Souissi J.; Busoni G.; Coco S.; Chryssanthi A.; Fanelli E.; Garrabou J.; Gianni F.; Grati F.; Kolitari J.; G. Letterio; L. Lipej; C. Mazzoldi; N. Milone; F. Pannacciulli; A. Pe?i?; Raouhia Ghanem; Y. Samuel-Rhoads; L. Saponari; J. Tomanic; N. Eda Top莽u; G. Vargiu; P. Moschella.;

Climate change and biological invasions are rapidly reshuffling species distribution, restructuring the biological communities of many ecosystems worldwide. Tracking these transformations in the marine environment is crucial, but our understanding of climate change effects and invasive species dynamics is often hampered by the practical challenge of surveying large geographical areas. Here, we focus...

Massi D.; Titone A.; Sinacori G.; Fiorentino N.; Badalucco C.; Fiorentino F.;

Data on depth distribution, length at maturity, length-weight relationships and size structure of Rondeletiola minor and Sepietta oweniana in the Strait of Sicily are given.

Carrozzi, Virginia; Di Lorenzo, Manfredi; Massi, Daniela; Titone, Antonino; Ardizzone, Giandomenico; Colloca, Francesco;

This study focuses on the ontogenetic diet change of European hake (Merluccius merluccius) in the north sector of the Strait of Sicily (SoS), central Mediterranean Sea. The species is one of the most important fish predators within the Mediterranean marine ecosystem and one of the main target species for local fisheries. A total of 2669 hake specimens between 7.5 and 67 cm of total length (TL) were...

Luna G.M.; Manini E.; Turk V.; Tinta T.; D'Errico G.; Baldrighi E.; Baljak V.; Buda D.; Cabrini M.; Campanelli A.; Cenov A.; Del Negro P.; Drakulovic D.; Fabbro C.; Glad M.; Grilec D.; Grilli F.; Jokanovic S.; Jozic S.; Kauzlaric V.; Kraus R.; Marini M.; Mikus J.; Milandri S.; Pecarevic M.; Perini L.; Quero G.M.; Solic M.; Lusic D.V.; Zoffoli S.;

Ports are subject to a variety of anthropogenic impacts, and there is mounting evidence of faecal contamination through several routes. Yet, little is known about pollution in ports by faecal indicator bacteria (FIB). FIB spatio-temporal dynamics were assessed in 12 ports of the Adriatic Sea, a semi-enclosed basin under strong anthropogenic pressure, and their relationships with environmental variables...

Gomiero A.; Oysaed K.B.; Agustsson T.; van Hoytema N.; van Thiel T.; Grati F.;

Plastic waste is of increasing concern in the aquatic environment. A large proportion of plastic waste is generated onshore from where it eventually reaches the marine environment, which is considered the main sink of plastic debris To date there is a substantial lack of knowledge on the composition of these accumulated polymers, their environmental levels and distribution in marine and coastal areas....

Romanelli, G.; Berto, D.; Calace, N.; Amici, M.; Maltese, S.; Formalewicz, M.; Campanelli, A.; Marini, M.; Magaletti, E.; Scarpato, A.;

Oxidant treatment of ballast water (BW) is commonly used in BW systems in order to minimize the transport of alien species. The release of disinfection by-products (DBPs) associated to the treatment of BW and cross-contamination of butyltin (BT) compounds through BW discharge is a topic of environmental concern. A chemical port baseline survey has been conducted in seven ports of the Adriatic Sea....

Konstantinos Tsiamis1 | Ernesto Azzurro2 | Michel Bariche3 | Melih E. 脟inar4 | Fabio Crocetta5 | Olivier De Clerck6 | Fernando G贸mez8 | Razy Hoffman7 | Kathe R. Jensen9 Lyudmila Kamburska10 | Ya'arit Levitt-Barmats7; 13 Anna Occhipinti-Ambrogi15 Noa Shenkar7; 13 | Maria Yankova19 | Argyro Zenetos20 | Ante ?uljevic21 | Ana Cristina Cardoso1;

1. The disproportionately low presence of marine species in the list of invasive alien species (IAS) of Union concern of the European Union (EU) Regulation 1143/2014 does not fully acknowledge the threat they pose to the EU marine environment. 2. In this study, the first EU-scale Horizon Scanning (HS) focusing on marine alien species was performed, aiming to deliver a ranked list of species that should...

Chiesa, Stefania; Azzurro, Ernesto; Bernardi, Giacomo;

We present a comprehensive review of the available global literature on the genetics and genomics of marine fish invasions. Overall this review provides data from 66 species belonging to 39 families, collected from 80 published studies on both WoS (Web of Science) and Scopus databases. We found that studies on alien fishes focused on specific geographic areas, mainly the Mediterranean region. Furthermore,...

Monticelli L.S.; Decembrini F.; Bergamasco A.; Caruso G.;

The water quality of Sicilian transitional and coastal marine areas was investigated by evaluating the distribution of Enterococcus spp.; as a reference, two sewage samples were also analysed. The epidemiological implications of their presence were considered. Enterococcal strains isolated by culture methods were phenotypically and molecularly identified and their susceptibility to antibiotics tested....

Spagnolo A.(1); Cuicchi C.(2); De Biasi A.M.(3); Ferr脿 C.(1); Montagnini L.(2); Punzo E.(1); Salvalaggio V.(1); Santelli A.(1); Strafella P.(1); Fabi G.(1);

Macrozoobenthos living around several pipelines placed at different depths and sediment types in the Western Adriatic Sea was investigated for three years after structures' deployment to detect possible effects due to their installation and presence. Three environmental habitats were considered based on the grain size (silty clay, clayey silt and sand). Samplings were taken within a radius of 100m...

Dell'Acqua O.; Azzaro M.; Caruso G.;

Il rapporto di campagna 2018-2019 riporta le attivit脿 inerenti il progetto ANT-Biofilm svolte nel corso della 34. spedizione in Antartide (Novembre-Dicembre 2018). Le indagini condotte presso la base Zucchelli hanno riguardato il recupero dei pannelli di insediamento artificiali posizionati nel corso della precedente spedizione, ed il loro trattamento per le determinazioni dei parametri microbiologici...

De Leo F.; Lo Giudice A.; Alaimo C.; De Carlo G.; Rappazzo A.C.; Graziano M.; De Domenico E.; Urz矛 C.;

The occurrence of cultivable fungi was investigated along the water column (25-2500 m depth) of four off-shore stations in the Mediterranean basin. An unexpected high abundance of fungi, accompanied by a scarce biodiversity, was observed up to 2500 m depth. The black yeast Hortaea werneckii, known to be one of the most salt tolerant eukaryotic organisms, was isolated for the first time from the Mediterranean...

Lo Giudice A.; Azzaro M.; Schiaparelli S.;

The microbial colonization of living surfaces may be affected by several environmental and biological factors and may play an important role in the development and evolution of the holobiont. Antarctica, as an extreme and isolated environment, offers a unique opportunity to study the peculiar and often strict interactions that are established between a benthic host and its symbionts. Despite this,...

Geraci, Michele Luca; Di Lorenzo, Manfredi; Falsone, Fabio; Scannella, Danilo; Di Maio, Federico; Colloca, Francesco; Vitale, Sergio; Serena, Fabrizio;

This short note describes the first record of the Norwegian skate, Dipturus nidarosiensis (Storm, 1881), in the Strait of Sicily. A male specimen of 95.6 cm total length and 3466 g weight was caught on December 2017 during a bottom trawl survey at a mean depth of 551 m. Information on biometric, sexual maturity, stomach content, and age estimation were provided. This finding confirms the occurrence...

Monique Mancuso 1; Maurizio Catalfamo 1; Pasqualina Lagan脿 2; Alessandro Ciro Rappazzo 1; Vilfredo Raymo 3; Daniela Zampino 4; Renata Zaccone 1;

Several studies have indicated that plants are good sources of antimicrobial agents and pharmaceuticals. The present study is focused to evaluate the antimicrobial po-tential of 11 citrus essential oils (EOs) and terpenes (T), against 18 bacterial pathogenic strains and 4 Candida sp.strains. Volatile compounds present in the citrus Eos were determined by a gaschromatography analysis, allowing the identification...

Colloca, Francesco; Scannella, Danilo; Geraci, Michele Luca; Falsone, Fabio; Giusto, Battista; Vitale, Sergio; Di Lorenzo, Manfredi; Bono, Gioacchino;

This study presents data of two adult female tope sharks, Galeorhinus galeus (Linnaeus 1758) that were tagged in the northeast Atlantic and recaptured in the central Mediterranean Sea. The sharks were tagged in Scotland in 2009 and Ireland in 2015 and were recaptured off the south coast of Sicily in 2014 and 2017, respectively. The specimen captured in Scotland was a female with an initial total body...

Raffa C.; Rizzo C.; Strous M.; De Domenico E.; Sanfilippo M.; Michaud L.; Lo Giudice A.;

Lake Faro, in the North-Eastern corner of Sicily (Italy), shows the typical stratification of a meromictic tempered basin, with a clear identification of the mixolimnion and the monimolimnion, separated by an interfacial chemocline. In this study, an annual-scaled study on the space-time distribution of the microbial communities in water samples of Lake Faro was performed by both ARISA (Amplified Ribosomal...

Azzaro F.; Azzaro M.; Caruso G.; Cosenza A.; Crisafi F.; Decembrini F.; Denaro R.; La Ferla R.; Leonardi M.; Lo Giudice A.; Maimone G.; Papale M.; Rappazzo A.C.; Zaccone R.; Zappal脿 G.; Crisafi E.;

Il CNR di Messina svolge ricerche di carattere microbiologico in aree polari, con particolare focus sulle aree marine antartiche e periantartiche, dal 1988. Dal 2009 partecipa anche a diverse spedizioni in aree polari artiche, comprese le Isole Svalbard. In queste ultime, le ricerche del gruppo sono state condotte nel Kongsfjorden nell'ambito di tre progetti: PolyArc, MYKA e ARCA. La comunit脿 microbica...

Caruso G.; Azzaro M.; Dell'Acqua O.; Lo Giudice A.; Fazi S.; Caroppo C.; Azzaro F.; La Ferla R.; Maimone G.; Lagan脿 P.; Marinelli F.; Berini F.; Marcone G.L.; Raffa F.; Chiantore M.;

Microbial enzyme activities on organic polymers were tested as possible sentinels of anthropic and natural forcings during a two-year study in two coastal Antarctic areas (Road Bay and Tethys Bay respectively). In Road Bay high proteolytic activity rates were measured at a site impacted by the Italian research station sewage, due to faecal wastes; in Tethys Bay low salinity waters related to glacier...

Binda E.; Berini F.; Marcone G.L.; Marinelli F.; Azzaro M.; Dell'Acqua O.; Lagan脿 P.; Caruso G.;

In the framework of the ANT-Biofilm project, funded by the National Antarctic Research Program (PNRA), microorganisms from microbial biofilms collected in Terra Nova Bay (Ross Sea Antartica) during XXXIII Italian Expedition have been isolated. Microbial biofilms are hot-spots of microbial diversity, as well as a substrate for larval settlement of many invertebrate species. Microbial communities are...

Song C; Cao X; Zhou Y; Azzaro M; Monticelli LS; Maimone G; Azzaro F; La Ferla R; Caruso G.;

In coastal lakes the role of microorganisms in driving nutrients regeneration at different water depths and in sediments is not yet fully understood. The dynamics of microbial (algal and bacterial) abundance and bacterial activities involved in organic matter transformation were measured, together with nutrient concentrations, through a microcosm experiment set up using the oligotrophic Faro lake as...

Ester M. Eckert1; Grazia M. Quero; Andrea Di Cesare Giuliana Manfredini; Francesca Mapelli; Sara Borin; Diego Fontaneto; Gian Marco Luna; Gianluca Corno;

Notwithstanding the fundamental role that environmental microbes play for ecosystem functioning, data on how microbes react to disturbances are still scarce, and most factors that confer stability to microbial communities are unknown. In this context, antibiotic discharge into the environment is considered a worldwide threat for ecosystems with potential risks to human health. We therefore tested resilience...

RAPPAZZO A.C.; PAPALE M.; RIZZO C.; CONTE A.; GIANNARELLI S.; ONOR M.; ABETE C.; CEFALI P.; DE DOMENICO E.; MICHAUD L.; LO GIUDICE A.;

Heavy metals (HMs) and polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) enter the Arctic environment through a variety of anthropogenic sources with deleterious effects towards biota and public health. Bacteria first transfer toxic compounds to higher trophic levels and, due to the tight link existing between prokaryotic community functions and the type and concentration of contaminants, they may be useful indicator of...

CARUSO C.; RIZZO C.; MANGANO S.; POLI A.; DI DONATO P.; NICOLAUS B.; FINORE I.; DI MARCO G.; MICHAUD L.; LO GIUDICE A.;

Marinobacter sp. W1-16 from Antarctic surface seawater was analysed for the production of extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs). Enhancement of the EPS biosynthesis was carried out by evaluating the influences of the carbon source (type and concentration), temperature, pH and salinity. EPS yields varied strongly depending on sugar substrate and temperature, while pH and salinity did not strongly...

Zappal脿 G.; Caruso G.; Piermattei V.; Madonia A.; Bonamano S.; Petri A.; Marcelli M.;

This paper describes some systems, designed and built by CNR in Messina and by Viterbo Tuscia University in its Civitavecchia laboratory, to fill the gap between traditional offshore oceanography and the modern operational oceanography. The evolution of the main parts of such devices is analysed, together with the pro's and con's of design choices, not excluding the economic point of view, that, together...

Caruso G.; Azzaro F.; Decembrini F.; Leonardi M.; Giacobbe M.G.;

In the framework of the International project 'Mechanisms of red tides and hypoxia as ecological marine disasters and technologies for its early warning along the "Belt and Road" Countries', since September 2018 a seasonal monitoring is being performed in a target area of the Ionian coast of Sicily of HAB (Harmful Algal Blooms). In particular, dinoflagellates toxic for PSP (Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning),...

Pasqualina Lagan脿; Giuliano Anastasi; Fiorella Marano; Serena Piccione; Rajeev K. Singla; Ashok K. Dubey; Santi Delia; Maria Anna Coniglio; Alessio Facciol脿; Angela Di Pietro; Moawiya A. Haddad; Masnat Al-Hiary; Gabriella Caruso;

The interest in phenolic compounds present in foods of vegetable origin has shown a notable increase in recent decades. This interest is due to the growing number of scientific studies concerning their beneficial role in human health. The interest in polyphenols has been supported by the current and growing awareness, and attention of consumers to food from a food safety viewpoint and also because...

Zaccone R.; Azzaro M.; Caruso G.; Crisafi E.; Decembrini F.; Leonardi M.; Maimone G.; Monticelli L.; La Ferla R.;

Prokaryotic microorganisms are at the base of marine food web and are sensitive to climate changes. In the Mediterranean Sea, an important link between surface water warming and microbial activities is hypothesized to exist on a seasonal and interannual scale, with high amounts of organic matter utilized by prokaryotes and re-cycled in warm periods. To test this hypothesis, from 1998 to 2013, the prokaryotic...

Azzurro; Ernesto; Sbragaglia; Valerio; Cerri; Jacopo; Bariche; Michel; Bolognini; Luca; Ben Souissi; Jamila; Busoni; Giulio; Coco; Salvatore; Chryssanthi; Antoniadou; Fanelli; Emanuela; Ghanem; Raouia; Garrabou; Joaquim; Gianni; Fabrizio; Grati; Fabio; Kolitari; Jerina; Letterio; Guglielmo; Lipej; Lovrenc; Mazzoldi; Carlotta; Milone; Nicoletta; Pannacciulli; Federica; Pevsi'c; Ana; Samuel-Rhoads; Yanna; Saponari; Luca; Tomanic; Jovana; Eda Top?u; Nur; Vargiu; Giovanni; Moschella; Paula;

Climate change and biological invasions are rapidly reshuffling species distribution, restructuring the biological communities of many ecosystems worldwide. Tracking these transformations in the marine environment is crucial, but our understanding of climate change effects and invasive species dynamics is often hampered by the practical challenge of surveying large geographical areas. Here, we focus...

Ulrich; C.; Abella; J. A.; Andersen; J.; Arrizabalaga; H.; Bailey; N.; Bertignac; M.; Borges; L.; Cardinale; M.; Catchpole; T.; Curtis; H.; Daskalov; G.; D"oring; R.; Gascuel; D.; Knittweis; L.; Lloret; J.; Malvarosa; L.; Martin; P.; Motova; A.; Murua; H.; Nord; J.; Prellezo; R.; Raid; T.; Sabatella; E.; Sala; A.; Scarcella; G.; Soldo; A.; Somarakis; S.; Stransky; C.; van Hoof; L.; Vanhee; W.; van Oostenbrugge; H.; Vrgoc; N.; Jardim; E.; Accadia; P.; Avdic Mravlje; E.; Bastardie; F.; Bolognini; L.; Daskalov; G.; Grati; F.; Isajlovic; I.; Konrad; C.; Mannini; A.; Mantopoulou-Palouka; D.; Mihanovic; M.; Mosqueira; I.; Pinto; C.; Raid; T.; Vasilakopoulos; P.;

STECF was requested to test the performance of HCRs for Adriatic sea stocks of hake, sole, deep water rose shrimp, red mullet, Nephrops and spottail mantis shrimp. The HCRs were based in (i) effort management and catch limits for sole and Nephrops, (ii) two options of intermediate period effort reductions and (iii) two options of spatial management, the sole sanctuary and 6nm closures. Additionally...

Russo, Tommaso; Carpentieri, Paolo; D'Andrea, Lorenzo; De Angelis, Paola; Fiorentino, Fabio; Franceschini, Simone; Garofalo, Germana; Labanchi, Lucio; Parisi, Antonio; Scardi, Michele; Cataudella, Stefano;

The rationale applied for monitoring and managing fisheries is based on the implicit assumption that yield and stocks status is essentially determined by fisheries. Moreover, the fisheries yield is quantified and analyzed in terms of landings with respect to official management area of registration of vessels. In this way, the real area of activity of each fleet is not considered and this prevent an...

Sinopoli, Mauro; Lauria, Valentina; Garofalo, Germana; Maggio, Teresa; Cillari, Tiziana;

Since the early 1990s of last century the spread of Caranx crysos a thermophilic fish species in the Mediterranean Sea has increased due to sea warming. Simultaneously, a large and unregulated use of fish aggregating devices has been recorded, and these devices seem to influence fish spatial distributions. Here we used a multidisciplinary approach to investigate the influence of environmental change...

Spagnoli, Federico; Penna, Pierluigi; Giuliani, Giordano; Masini, Luca; Martinotti, Valter;

Marine environments are currently subject to strong ecological pressure due to local and global anthropic stressors, such as pollutants and atmospheric inputs, which also cause ocean acidification and warming. These strains can result in biogeochemical cycle variations, environmental pollution, and changes in benthic-pelagic coupling processes. Two new devices, the Amerigo Lander and the Automatic...

Alessandra Venuti; Fabio Florindo; Luigi Vigliotti; Alessandra Negri; Anna Sabbatini; Spagnoli F; Caterina Morigi;

Two sedimentary marine sequences from Central and Southern Adriatic Sea were analyzed by means of paleomagnetic/rock magnetic analysis then integrated with micropaleontological data (planktonic foraminifera). Climatic and environmental changes and the occurrence of the sapropel S1 are, mostly, indicated by magnetic grain-size and concentration parameters, and by foraminifera associations. Magnetic...

Rovere M.; Mercorella A.; Spagnoli F; Funari V.; Frapiccini E.; Pellegrini C.; Ciccone F.; Antoncecchi I.; Bonetti A.S.; Dell'Orso M.; Tassetti N.; Giuliano G.; De Marco R.; Fabi G.;

Hydrocarbon seepage is overlooked in the marine environment, mostly due to lack of marine exploration data, especially over the continental shelf and upper slope, where data may be available but not at adequate resolution. Shallow marine environments, such as the north and the central Adriatic Sea, are ideal for the formation of hydrocarbons, because organic matter sinks to the sea bottom where undergoes...

Teresa Romeo; Valentina Esposito; Simonepietro Canese; Spagnoli F; Giovanni Bortoluzzi; Cinzia De Vittor; and Franco Andaloro;

A poorly studied shallow hydrothermal vent field of the Panarea Volcanic Complex (PVC) was investigated, combining specific monitoring technologies, to provide new insights into its geological, biological and geochemical features. The investigated site, named "Secca dei Pesci", is identified as one of the area of the PVC were major tectonic, volcanic and hydrothermal activity have been observed. It...

Elisa Droghini; Enrico Dinelli; Federico Spagnoli; Mario Tramontana; Rocco De Marco; Giulio Pappafico;

This work discusses the sedimentological and geochemical features of surface sediment of the Central and Southern Adriatic Sea. A total of 107 samples from the cruise PERTRE2016 project were analysed for grainsize, major and trace elements and organic matter content. The aim of this work was to identify sedimentary facies based on geochemical and biogeochemical features and to describe their spatial...

Droghini E.; Dinelli E.; Tramontana M.; De Marco R.; Baldelli G.; Pappafico G.; Spagnoli F.;

The Adriatic Sea is a basin oriented in the NW-SE direction, which represents the result of filling the Apennine and Dinaric-Hellenic chain foredeep. The present surface sediment distribution is controlled by basin evolution, different sediment source areas and processes. The aims of this work were to identify sedimentary facies based on grain-size, geochemical and biogeochemical features and to describe...

Rovere Marzia; Andrea Argnani; Alessandra Mercorella; Spagnoli F; Emanuela Frapiccini; Claudio Pellegrini; Francesco Ciccone; Filippo Zaniboni; Gianluca Pagnone; Maria Ausilia Paparo; Alberto Armigliato; Stefano Tinti;

Rapporto intermedio. ACCORDO OPERATIVO 2016 tra Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche - Istituto di Scienze Marine (ISMAR CNR) e Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico, Direzione Generale per la Sicurezza anche ambientale delle attivit? minerarie ed energetiche - Ufficio Nazionale Minerario per gli Idrocarburi e le Georisorse (DGS-UNMIG).

T. Russo (a); E.B. Morello (b); A. Parisi (c); G. Scarcella (b); S. Angelini (b); L. Labanchi (d); M. Martinelli (b); L. D'Andrea (a); A. Santojanni (b); E. Arneri (b); (e); S. Cataudella (a);

Abstract At present, the assessment and management of Adriatic Sea fishery resources are based on data that do not fully account for the complex spatial patterns arising from fleet behavior and/or species' behavior and biology, mainly because logbooks do not guarantee adequate coverage of the fishing activity exerted by the fleet. For data collection, the Adriatic Sea is divided into two management...

Froese R.; Winker H.; Coro G.; Demirel N.; Tsikliras A.C.; Dimarchopoulou D.; Scarcella G.; Probst W.N.; Dureuil M.; Pauly D.;

This study presents a new method (LBB) for the analysis of length frequency data from commercial catches. LBB works for species that grow throughout their lives, such as most commercially-important fish and invertebrates, and requires no input in addition to length frequency data. It estimates asymptotic length, length at first capture, relative natural mortality, and relative fishing mortality. Standard...